Last modified on 30 May 2014, at 08:00

dziedāt

See also: dziedat

LatvianEdit

Dziedāt
Dziedāt

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *geyd-, from Proto-Indo-European *gēy-, *goy-, *gī- (to sing, to call, to shout) with an extra -d. Originally, dziedāt was an iterative-intensive form of an earlier verb, either *dzīst (< *gī-d-ti; cf, Lithuanian pra-gýsti), or *dziet (< *gie- < *gēy-, from which also dziesma (song)). Cognates include Lithuanian giedóti (to sing), pragýsti (to begin to sing), gáida, gaidà (melody; singer), Proto-Slavic *gayati (Old East Slavic гаяти (gajati, to croak, to caw), Russian dialectal гаять (gájat’, to yawn; to speak, to shout, to make noise; to swear, to yell at someone; to drive animals by shouting)), Sanskrit गायति (gāyati), गाति (gā́jati, gā́ti, to sing), गीत (gī́ta, having sung), Tocharian A kāk (he called), Tocharian B kāka (he called).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

dziedāt tr. or intr., 3rd conj. irregular, pres. dziedu, dziedi, dzied, past dziedāju

  1. to sing (to use one's voice to produce musical sounds)
    dziedāt klusā balsī — to sing in a soft voice
    dziedāt divbalsīgi — to sing in two voices
    meitene labi dzied — the girl sings well
    mācīties dziedāt — to learn to sing
    dziedot dzimu, dziedot augu, dziedot mūžu nodzīvojusinging I am born, singing I grow, singing I live (my) life
  2. to sing (to reproduce a song with one's voice)
    dziedāt tautas dziesmas — to sing folk songs
    protams, Šūberta dziesmas jādzied vienkārši; melodijai jāplūst dabīgi — of course, one must sing Schubert's songs in a simple way; the melody must flow naturally
  3. to sing (to practice a vocal art; to participate in a singing group, to play a singing role in a musical performance)
    dziedāt operas teātrī — to sing an opera in the theater
    dziedāt pašdarbības kolektīvā — to sing in an amateur group
    dziedāt koncertā, korī, izrādē — to sing in a concert, choir, show
    dziedāt titullomu operas izrādē — to sing the title role in an opera performance
  4. (in 3rd person; of certain birds, insects) to sing (to produce sounds, often melodious sounds, typical of its species)
    gailis dzied — the rooster crows (lit. sings)
    viens putniņš zara galā dzied — one little bird is singing at the end of a branch
    kur klusā naktī lakstīgalas dzied, tur klausīties man labprāt tīkas iet — where in the silent night the nightingales sing, there I would love to go listen
    “circenis!” bērni sāka čukstēt: “circenis dzied!” — “crickets!” the children began whispering: “the crickets are singing
  5. (in 3rd person; of musical instruments, or other sources of sound) to sing (to produce a musical, melodious sound)
    maigi dzied vijole — the violin sings softly
    vējš dzied skurstenī — the wind sings in the chimney
    žžž... žžž... šujmašīnas dzied savu darba dziesmu — žžž... žžž... the sewing machines are singing their work song
  6. (poetic) to sing (to write, to recite poetry)
    dzejnieks dzied par tām pašām vecām lietām: par dabu un mīlestību — the poet sings about those same old things: nature and love

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “dziedāt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.