Last modified on 20 March 2014, at 23:17

izteikt

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From iz- +‎ teikt (to say, to tell).

PronunciationEdit

(file)

VerbEdit

izteikt tr., 1st conj., pres. izteicu, izteic, izteic, past izteicu

  1. to express (to make known, to reveal orally, in words)
    izteikt jaunas atziņas — to express new ideas, conclusions
    izteikt savu pārliecību — to express one's beliefs, convictions
    izteikt aizdomas — to express suspicion
    izteikt padomu — to give (lit. express) advice
    izteikt pavēli — to give (lit. express) an order
    izteikt vēlēšanos — to express wishes
    izteikt cerību — to express hope
    izteikt cieņu — to express respect
    izteikt pārdzīvojumu vārdos — to express one's experience in words
    puiši steidzās izteikt savu prieku — the boys rushed to express their joy
  2. to express something in a work of art; to be such that it (a work of art expresses something
    izteikt dabas skaistumu gleznā — to express natural beauty in a painting
    izteikt pārdzīvojumu skaņdarbā — to express an experience in a piece of music
    izteikt savas jūtas dzejolī — to express one's feelings in a poem
    pavasaris ir ar mums; varbūt glezna to neizteiks — spring is with us; (but) maybe a painting won't express it
  3. to express something with one's behavior, gestures, looks, etc.; to be such that it (behavior, gestures, looks, etc.) expresses something
    acis izteica prieku — (his) eyes expressed joy
    izteikt noraidījumu ar rokas mājienu — to express rejection with a wave of (one's) hand
  4. to express (gratitude, punishment, etc.) formally, administratively
    izteikt pateicību, rājienu — to express gratitude, reprimand; to thank, to reprimand (officially)
    kapteinis joprojām bija noskaities uz Maksimiču, domāja, ka viņam vajadzētu izteikt rajienu — the captain was still furious at Maksimičs, (he) thought that he should express a reprimand (= reprimand Maksimičs, have him officially reprimanded)
  5. to say, to speak, to pronounce
    šī atbilde bija tik negaidīta, ka Gulke sākumā nevarēja izteikt ne vārda — this answer was no unexpected that Gulke at first couldn't say, pronounce a word
    mājās, kuras pāri verstis aiz kalna, runā ļaudis, bet skaņas atnāk tik nedalītas, it kā būtu izteiktas tepat aiz sētas — in houses far behind the hill people are talking, but the sounds come so undivided, it is as if they were spoken, pronounced just here, by the fence
  6. to express (to describe something, especially with numbers, measurements)
    izteikt attālumu kilometros — to express the distance in kilometers
    izteikt masu gramos — to express the mass in grams
    sociālo procesu dinamiku ne vienmēr var izteikt' skaitļos — one can't always express social process dynamics in numbers
  7. (usually 3rd person) to express (to be such that it means something, e.g., via symbols, signs)
    teikuma izteiktā doma — the expressed thought of the sentence
    izteikt y kā x funkciju — to express y as a function of x
  8. (dated) to praise, to exalt
    tautas manu augumiņu izteica, tad vainoja — the people (at first) praised my little size, then blamed, attacked it.

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit