Last modified on 21 March 2014, at 00:37

lāpstiņa

See also: lāpstiņā

LatvianEdit

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 Lāpstiņa (4) on Latvian Wikipedia

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Lāpstiņas (2)
Mūrnieka lāpstiņa (2)
Ventilatora lāpstiņa (3)
Lāpstiņa (4)
Lāpstiņa (5)

EtymologyEdit

From lāpsta (shovel) +‎ -iņa (dim.).

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

lāpstiņa f (4th declension)

  1. diminutive of lāpsta
  2. (tool) various blade-having tools similar to a shovel like spades, spatulas, trowels, etc.
    kūku lāpstiņa — cake spatula
    stādāmā lāpstiņa — garden trowel
    mūrnieka lāpstiņa — mason's trowel
    koku mizošanai ļoti vajadzīgs darba rīks ir mizojamā lāpstiņa — a very important tool for barking trees is the peeling blade
  3. a flat, blade-like machinery element (e.g., in turbines, propellers, etc.)
    sūkņa lāpstiņa — pump impeller (lit. blade)
    turbīnas lāpstiņa — turbine blade
    ventilatora lāpstiņa — fan, ventilator blade
  4. (anatomy) shoulder blade (triangular bone behind the thorax)
    labā, kreisā lāpstiņa — right, left shoulder blade
    lāpstiņas kaulsshoulder blade bone, scapula
  5. a flat, wide, shovel-like horn structure (e.g., on an elk)
    visspēcīgāk izveidotas ragu lāpstiņas ir Sibīrijas aļņiem, toties Tālo Austrumu aļņiem lāpstiņas gandrīz nekad neveidojas — the Siberian elks have the most strongly developed horn blades; in contrast, the Far East elks almost never develop blades

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

A flat, blade-like machinery element (or elk horn) can sometimes be called indifferently lāpsta or lāpstiņa. For “spatula” and “shoulder blade,” however, only lāpstiņa is appropriate.

SynonymsEdit