Last modified on 28 May 2014, at 20:15

liege

See also: liège, Liege, and Liège

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Middle English lege, lige, liege, from Anglo-Norman lige, from Old French liege (liege, free), from Middle High German ledic, ledec (free, empty, vacant) (Modern German ledig (unmarried)) from Proto-Germanic *liþugaz (flexible, free, unoccupied). Akin to Old Frisian leþeg, leþoch (free), Old English liþiġ (flexible), Old Norse liðugr (free, unhindered), Middle Dutch ledich (idle, unemployed) (Dutch ledig (empty) and leeg (empty)), Middle English lethi (unoccupied, at leisure).

An alternate etymology traces the Old French word from Late Latin laeticus "of or relating to a semifree colonist in Gaul" from laetus "a semi-free colonist", of Germanic origin, akin to Old English læt (servant).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

liege (plural lieges)

  1. A free and independent person; specifically, a lord paramount; a sovereign.
  2. The subject of a sovereign or lord; a liegeman.

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

liege (not comparable)

  1. Sovereign; independent; having authority or right to allegiance.
    a liege lord
    • Tennyson
      She looked as grand as doomsday and as grave; / And he, he reverenced his liege lady there.
  2. Serving an independent sovereign or master; bound by a feudal tenure; obliged to be faithful and loyal to a superior, as a vassal to his lord; faithful; loyal.
    a liege man; a liege subject
  3. (obsolete, law) Full; perfect; complete; pure.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?)

TranslationsEdit

Related termsEdit


DutchEdit

VerbEdit

liege

  1. singular present subjunctive of liegen

GermanEdit

VerbEdit

liege

  1. First-person singular indicative present form of liegen.
  2. First-person singular subjunctive present form of liegen.
  3. Third-person singular subjunctive present form of liegen.