Middle English , from subget Old French , from suget Latin ( subiectus “ lying under or near, adjacent, also subject, exposed ”), as a noun, ( subiectus “ a subject, an inferior ”), ( subiectum “ the subject of a proposition ”), past participle of ( subiciō “ throw, lay, place ”), from ( sub “ under, at the foot of ”) + ( iaciō “ throw, hurl ”).
Pronunciation Edit Adjective and Noun
subject ( comparative , more subject superlative ) most subject Likely to be affected by or to experience something.
a country subject to extreme heat Dryden
All human things are
subject to decay.
: 2013 June 22, “ T time”, , volume 407, number 8841, page 68 The Economist
The ability to shift profits to low-tax countries by locating intellectual property in them [… ] is often assumed to be the preserve of high-tech companies. [… ] current tax rules make it easy for all sorts of firms to generate [… ] “stateless income”: profit subject to tax in a jurisdiction that is neither the location of the factors of production that generate the income nor where the parent firm is domiciled.
Menu listings and prices are subject to change.
He's subject to sneezing fits. Conditional upon.
The local board sets local policy, subject to approval from the State Board. Placed or situated under; lying below, or in a lower situation.
(Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?) Placed under the power of another; owing allegiance to a particular sovereign or state.
Esau was never
subject to Jacob.
likely to be affected by something
subject ( plural ) subjects
( grammar ) In a clause: the word or word group (usually a noun phrase) that is dealt with. In active clauses with verbs denoting an action, the subject and the actor are usually the same.
In the sentence ‘The mouse is eaten by the cat in the kitchen.’, ‘The mouse’ is the subject, ‘the cat’ being the agent. The main
topic of a paper, work of art, discussion, field of study, etc.
subject for heroic song Dryden
Make choice of a
subject, beautiful and noble, which [… ] shall afford an ample field of matter wherein to expatiate. Shakespeare
subject of these quarrels
: 1905, Baroness Emmuska Orczy, chapter 5, The Hocussing of Cigarette 
Then I had a good think on the subject of the hocussing of Cigarette, and I was reluctantly bound to admit that once again the man in the corner had found the only possible solution to the mystery. A particular area of study.
Her favorite subject is physics. A
citizen in a monarchy.
I am a British subject. A person ruled over by another, especially a monarch or state authority.
( music ) The main theme or melody, especially in a fugue.
The earliest known form of
subject is the ecclesiastical cantus firmus, or plain song. A human, animal or an inanimate object that is being
examined, treated, analysed, etc.
Writers of particular lives
[… ] are apt to be prejudiced in favour of their subject.
: 2013 July-August, Catherine Clabby, “ Focus on Everything”, American Scientist
Not long ago, it was difficult to produce photographs of tiny creatures with every part in focus. That’s because the lenses that are excellent at magnifying tiny subjects produce a narrow depth of field.
Derived terms Edit
موضوع (ar) ( m mawḍūʕ) Asturian:
materia f Catalan:
matèria (ca) f Chinese:
主題 ( (zh) zhǔtí) Danish:
emne , n tema n Dutch:
onderwerp (nl) Esperanto:
aine , (et) teema (et) Finnish:
aihe , (fi) teema (fi) French:
sujet (fr) m Galician:
materia (gl) f German:
Thema (de) , n Gegenstand (de) , m Sache (de) , f Sujet (de) , n ( email ) Betreff (de) m Greek:
θέμα (el) ( n théma), προκείμενο ( n prokeímeno) Hebrew:
נושא (he) ( m noseh) Hungarian:
tárgy , (hu) téma (hu) Icelandic:
efni (is) , n umræðuefni , n umtalsefni , n viðfangsefni , n yrkisefni n Interlingua:
soggetto (it) m Japanese:
主題 ( (ja) しゅだい, shudai) Korean:
주제 ( (ko) juje) Kurdish:
بابهت ( (ku) babet), باره ( (ku) bare)
particular area of study
دورة (ar) ( f dáura) Bashkir:
( фән fän) Czech:
předmět (cs) m Danish:
fag , n emne n Dutch:
vak (nl) , n vakgebied (nl) n Esperanto:
, studobjekto lernobjekto Estonian:
aine (et) Finnish:
ala , (fi) , aihealue aine (fi) French:
matière (fr) , f discipline (fr) f German:
Fach (de) , n Schulfach (de) , n Unterrichtsfach (de) , n Studienfach , n Lehrfach n Greek:
αντικείμενο (el) ( n antikeímeno) Hungarian:
tárgy (hu) Icelandic:
fag (is) , n námsgrein , f grein (is) f Italian:
materia (it) , f disciplina , f corso (it) m Japanese:
学科 ( (ja) がっか, gakka), 科目 ( (ja) かもく, kamoku)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked
subject ( third-person singular simple present , subjects present participle , subjecting simple past and past participle ) subjected
( transitive , construed with to ) To cause (someone or something) to undergo a particular experience, especially one that is unpleasant or unwanted.
External links Edit Last modified on 28 November 2013, at 22:08