muļķis

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *mil-, *mul- (with an extra -k), from Proto-Indo-European *mel-, *ml̥- (to push, to crush, to grate, to grind) (whence also malt (to grind, to mill), q.v.). The semantic evolution was probably “to grind” > “to get lost” (via a comparison between grinding movements and the aimless motion of someone who got lost; see the etymology of maldināt (to mislead, to deceive)) > “to be confused, bewildered” > (nominalized) “confused person” > “stupid person.” Cognates include Lithuanian mùlkis, Sanskrit मल्वः (malváḥ, stupid, foolish, unwise), Ancient Greek βλάξ (blā́x, coward; stubborn; stupid) (< *mlāk-). A related word is Russian молчать (molčát’, to be silent) (< *mъlkēti).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

muļķis m (2nd declension, feminine form: muļķe)

  1. (male) fool, stupid man (man with little intelligence)
    uzskatīt, turēt kādu par muļķi — to consider someone a fool
    zvejot prot katrs muļķis; nodot zivis, tā ir māksla — any fool can catch fish; to deliver the fish, now that is an art
    muļķis! viņš savā stulbumā bija iznīcinājis manu pašu labāko foreļu vietufool! he in his stupidity had destroyed my own best trout (catching) place

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “muļķis” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 30 August 2013, at 13:12