Last modified on 4 December 2014, at 13:09

intelligence

EnglishEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From Old French intelligence, from Latin intelligentia.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɪnˈtɛl.ɪˌd​͡ʒəns/
  • (file)

NounEdit

intelligence (countable and uncountable, plural intelligences)

  1. (uncountable) Capacity of mind, especially to understand principles, truths, facts or meanings, acquire knowledge, and apply it to practice; the ability to learn and comprehend.
    • 1912, Edgar Rice Burroughs, Tarzan of the Apes, Chapter 5
      Not so, however, with Tarzan, the man-child. His life amidst the dangers of the jungle had taught him to meet emergencies with self-confidence, and his higher intelligence resulted in a quickness of mental action far beyond the powers of the apes.
    • 2013 July 19, Ian Sample, “Irregular bedtimes may affect children's brains”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 34: 
      Irregular bedtimes may disrupt healthy brain development in young children, according to a study of intelligence and sleeping habits.  ¶ Going to bed at a different time each night affected girls more than boys, but both fared worse on mental tasks than children who had a set bedtime, researchers found.
  2. (countable) An entity that has such capacities.
    • Tennyson
      The great Intelligences fair / That range above our mortal state, / In circle round the blessed gate, / Received and gave him welcome there.
  3. (uncountable) Information, usually secret, about the enemy or about hostile activities.
  4. (countable) A political or military department, agency or unit designed to gather information, usually secret, about the enemy or about hostile activities.
  5. (dated) Acquaintance; intercourse; familiarity.
    • Clarendon
      He lived rather in a fair intelligence than any friendship with the favourites.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin intellegentia (the act of choosing between, intelligence), from intellegō (understand), from inter (between) + legō (choose, pick out, read).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

intelligence f (plural intelligences)

  1. intelligence; cleverness
  2. comprehension

External linksEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

English intelligence.

NounEdit

intelligence f (invariable)

  1. A political or military department, agency or unit designed to gather information.

Middle FrenchEdit

NounEdit

intelligence f (plural intelligences)

  1. intelligence
  2. comprehension
    • 1595, Michel de Montaigne, Essais, book II, chapter 10:
      Je souhaiterois avoir plus parfaicte comprehension des choses, mais je ne la veux pas achepter si cher qu’elle couste.
      I would like to have a more perfect knowledge of everything, but I don't want to buy it for how much it costs

Old FrenchEdit

NounEdit

intelligence f (oblique plural intelligences, nominative singular intelligence, nominative plural intelligences)

  1. comprehension
  2. meaning
  3. ability to comprehend

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit