nakts

See also: nākts

LatgalianEdit

NounEdit

nakts f

  1. night

LatvianEdit

Nakts

EtymologyEdit

From an earlier *naktis, from Proto-Baltic *naktis, from Proto-Indo-European *nokʷti-, perhaps from a stem *nekʷ with an extra suffix t or ti. Cognates include Lithuanian naktìs, Old Prussian naktin (accusative), Sudovian nakt, Old Church Slavonic нощь (noštĭ), Russian ночь (nočʹ), Belarusian ноч (noč), Ukrainian ніч (nič), Bulgarian нощ (nošt), Czech, Polish noc, Proto-Germanic *nahts (Gothic 𐌽𐌰𐌷𐍄𐍃 (nahts), Old High German naht, Old English niht, German Nacht, English night, Old Norse nátt, Swedish natt), Hittite nekut- (evening), Sanskrit नक्त (naktam) (accusative), Ancient Greek νύξ (nuks), genitive νυκτός (nuktós), Latin nox, genitive noctis.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

nakts f (6th declension)

  1. night (time period from sunset to sunrise, from evening to morning)
    vēla nakts — late night
    dziļa nakts — deep night
    gara, īsa nakts — long, short night
    pavadīt nakti teltī — to spend the night in a tent
    zvaigžņota nakts — starry night
    nakts debesisnight sky
    nakts mākoņinight clouds
    nakts tumsanight darkness
    tumšs kā naktī — dark like at night
    melns kā nakts — black like the night (= very black; gloomy)
    uz nakti, uz naktsguļu — overnight
    nakts no sestdienas uz svētdienunight from Saturday to Sunday
    mūžīga nakts — eternal night (= death)
    strādāt dienām un naktīm, dienu un nakti — to work day and night
    vakara sārtums pamazām nodziest... nu jau ir pilnīga nakts — the evening redness gradually disappears... now it is full night
    nakts klusumā skarbi iečīkstējās durvis — in the silence of the night the door creaked harshly
  2. night (the same time period, in relation to a certain event or holiday)
    jaungada nakts — New Year's Eve (lit. night)
    līgo, Jāņu nakts — Midsummer night
    kažu nakts — wedding night
    pirmā nakts — wedding night (lit. first night, when the marriage is consummated)
  3. (in the accusative) at night (during that time period)
    dzirnavās nakti bija dzīres: velni dejoja ar raganām — at the mill, durning the night, there was a feast: devils danced with witches
  4. (in the genitive, used adjectivally) night, nocturnal}} (typical of, happening during, active during, this time period)
    nakts vilciensnight train
    nakts dežūranight hours
    nakts maiņa, naktsmaiņanight shift
    nakts redzamībanight, noctural visibility
    nakts dzīvnieki, kukaiņinocturnal animals, insects
    nakts puķesnight flowers
    nakts pastaiganight walk
    nakts miersnight quiet, peace
    nakts miegsnight sleep
    nakts salnanight frost
    nakts lampa, naktslampanight lamp
    vagonā jau ieslēgts nakts apgaismojums — the night lights are already on in the rail car
  5. (figuratively) night (time period during which negative circumstances prevail)
    fašisma nakts — the night of fascism
  6. night, dark (the darkness typical of this time period)
    muguru pagriezusi, viņa stāvēja pie loga un skatījās nakti — turning around, she stood by the window and looked at the night

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “nakts” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 20 January 2014, at 13:21