Last modified on 28 May 2014, at 21:41

raize

See also: raizē

LatvianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *riež-, *raiž-, from earlier *reiž-, from Proto-Indo-European *rey- (to scratch, to tear, to cut) (whence also rieva (wrinkle), quod vide), with an extra element ǵ. The original meaning was probably “cut,” from which “piercing, stabbing pain” and then “worry, anxiety.” Cognates include Lithuanian ráižyti, raižýti (to cut, to slice, to pierce), Polish rznąć (to cut). A minority view suggests a different source for this word: Proto-Indo-European *wrēǵ- (to break) (with *ē → *eiai), whence also Lithuanian rė́žti (to cut), Russian резать (rézat’, to cut).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

raize f (5th declension)

  1. concern, worry (negative emotional state caused by unpleasant circumstances which one has to endure or try to prevent)
    ikdienas raizes — everyday worries, concerns
    lielas raizes — major concerns
    sagādāt daudz raižu — to cause many concerns
    rūpes un raizesworries and concerns (i.e., a sequence of bad events)
    viņš nesajuta nedz raizes, nedz nemieru, viņa sirds kā laiva peldēja pa svētdienīgu gaišumu — he felt no worries, no anxiety, his heart floated like a boat in the holiday air
    es esmu slikts cilvēks, es tev darītu raizes, bet es tevi mīļotu — I am a bad person, I would give you worries, but I would love you
    Žuburs domāja par meičas raižu pilno skatienu, viņš visos sīkumos atcerējās viņas sejas izteiksmi — Žuburs thought about the girl's concerned (lit. full of concern) look, he remembered every detail or her facial expression
    kad Jānis uzticēja mātei savas raizes par skolām, viņas padoms bija citāds nekā tēvam — when Jānis trusted his mother with his concerns about the schools, her advice was different from (his) father's

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

The plural forms of this word are much more frequently used than the singular forms.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “raize” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.