Last modified on 9 March 2015, at 18:51

sākt

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

The origin of this word is unclear. It may come from Proto-Indo-European *ḱek-, *kek-, *sḱek-, *skek- (to jump) (whence also Russian скакать (skakatʹ, to hop, to leap)), from which, via ablaut, *kāk- > Proto-Baltic *šak- > Latvian sākt. Others suggest a different Proto-Indo-European stem *kā-, *kō- as the source, different from that of Russian скакать (skakatʹ). The original meaning was probably “to jump,” from which “to rush, to go quickly (to do something)” > “to start, to begin.” Cognates include Lithuanian šókti (to jump, to dance; to rush (to do something)).[1]

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

sākt tr., 1st conj., pres. sāku, sāc, sāk, past sāku

  1. to begin, to start (to carry out the first steps, stages of an action)
    sākt celtniecību, sēju, pētījumu — to begin the construction, the sowing, the research
    sākt sarunu — to start a conversation
    sākt stastīt — to start telling
    sākt strādāt, runāt, iet — to start working, talking, going
    sākt vēstuli, gleznu — to start a letter, a painting
  2. to begin, to start (to participate in the first stage or phase (of work, study, etc.)
    sākt jauno mācību gadu — to start the new school year
    lauku mājas sāka dienu — the farmhouses started the (work) day
    sākt darba mūžu — to start (one's) work life
  3. to begin, to start (to use the first part, component(s) of something)
    sākt jaunu cigarešu paciņu — to start a new pack of cigarettes
    sākt pēdējo maizes klaipu — to start the last loaf of bread
  4. to begin, to start (to show the first signs of (something); to do for the first time(s))
    sākt smieties — to start laughing
    bērns sācis baidīties no suņiem — the child began to be afraid of dogs
    sāku dusmoties uz Ilželes māti — I began to be angry at Ilžele's mother
  5. to begin, to start (to become noticeable for the first time, to show the first signs of (something))
    sāk krēslot — it began to get dark
    uguns sāk degt — the fire began to burn
    sniegs sāka kust — the snow began to melt

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “sākt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7