Last modified on 28 May 2014, at 20:09

sākt

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

The origin of this word is unclear. It may come from Proto-Indo-European *ḱek-, *kek-, *sḱek-, *skek- (to jump) (whence also Russian скакать (skakatʹ, to hop, to leap)), from which, via ablaut, *kāk- > Proto-Baltic *šak- > Latvian sākt. Others suggest a different Proto-Indo-European stem *kā-, *kō- as the source, different from that of Russian скакать (skakatʹ). The original meaning was probably “to jump,” from which “to rush, to go quickly (to do something)” > “to start, to begin.” Cognates include Lithuanian šókti (to jump, to dance; to rush (to do something)).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

sākt tr., 1st conj., pres. sāku, sāc, sāk, past sāku

  1. to begin, to start (to carry out the first steps, stages of an action)
    sākt celtniecību, sēju, pētījumu — to begin the construction, the sowing, the research
    sākt sarunu — to start a conversation
    sākt stastīt — to start telling
    sākt strādāt, runāt, iet — to start working, talking, going
    sākt vēstuli, gleznu — to start a letter, a painting
  2. to begin, to start (to participate in the first stage or phase (of work, study, etc.)
    sākt jauno mācību gadu — to start the new school year
    lauku mājas sāka dienu — the farmhouses started the (work) day
    sākt darba mūžu — to start (one's) work life
  3. to begin, to start (to use the first part, component(s) of something)
    sākt jaunu cigarešu paciņu — to start a new pack of cigarettes
    sākt pēdējo maizes klaipu — to start the last loaf of bread
  4. to begin, to start (to show the first signs of (something); to do for the first time(s))
    sākt smieties — to start laughing
    bērns sācis baidīties no suņiem — the child began to be afraid of dogs
    sāku dusmoties uz Ilželes māti — I began to be angry at Ilžele's mother
  5. to begin, to start (to become noticeable for the first time, to show the first signs of (something))
    sāk krēslot — it began to get dark
    uguns sāk degt — the fire began to burn
    sniegs sāka kust — the snow began to melt

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “sākt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.