Last modified on 28 May 2014, at 21:55

spruce

See also: Spruce

EnglishEdit

Picea abies, a species of spruce (1)

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English, an alteration of Pruce (Prussia), from new Latin, from a Baltic language, probably Old Prussian; for more, see Prussia. Spruce, spruse (1412), and Sprws (1378) were terms for commodities brought to England by Hanseatic merchants (beer, wood, leather). The tree with this name was also believed to have been native to Prussia. The adjective and verb senses ("trim, neat" and "to make trim, neat") are attested from 1594, and originate with spruce leather (1466), which was used to make a popular style of jerkins in the 1400s that was considered smart-looking.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

spruce (usually uncountable, plural spruces)

  1. Any of various large coniferous evergreen trees from the genus Picea, found in northern temperate and boreal regions; originally and more fully spruce fir.
  2. (uncountable) The wood of a spruce.
  3. (used attributively) Made of the wood of the spruce.
    That spruce table is beautiful!
  4. (obsolete) Prussia leather; pruce.
    • E. Phillips
      Spruce, a sort of leather corruptly so called for Prussia leather.

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

AdjectiveEdit

spruce (comparative sprucer, superlative sprucest)

  1. (comparable) Smart, trim, and elegant in appearance; fastidious (said of a person).

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

spruce (third-person singular simple present spruces, present participle sprucing, simple past and past participle spruced)

  1. (usually with up) To arrange neatly; tidy up.
  2. (usually with up)) To make oneself spruce (neat and elegant in appearance).
  3. To tease.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • spruce” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).

AnagramsEdit

de:spruce et:spruce fr:spruce ko:spruce hy:spruce io:spruce kn:spruce lv:spruce lt:spruce hu:spruce ml:spruce my:spruce pl:spruce ru:spruce simple:spruce fi:spruce sv:spruce ta:spruce te:spruce tr:spruce vi:spruce zh:spruce