Last modified on 5 August 2013, at 13:42

zāģēt

LatvianEdit

Zāģēt

EtymologyEdit

From the same stem as zāģis (saw), made into a 2nd-declention transitive verb (ending -ēt).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

zāģēt tr., 2nd conj., pres. zāģēju, zāģē, zāģē, past zāģēju

  1. to saw (to cut something with a saw; to work with a saw, also with a special saw)
    viņš neprot zāģēt — he doesn't know how to saw
    zāģēt visu dienu — to saw the whole day
    zāģēt malku, baļķus, dēļus — to saw (fire)wood, logs, boards
    zāģēt mežā kokus — to saw trees in the forest
    zāģēt nost liepām lielos zarus — to saw off big branches from lime trees
    zāģēt āzim ragus — to saw a goat's horns
    “zāģis izvīlēts; ko tad nu darīs?” “ej un zāģē klēts galā tos ošus nost” — “the saw (is) sharpened; what will (= should) one do now?” “go and saw down those ash-trees at the end of the barn”
  2. to play (usually string instrument) very ineptly, producing unpleasant sounds
    Baha un Vivaldi šedevrus spēlējot, puisis vaibstījās... vienaldzīgi zāģēdams stīgas — playing Bach and Vivaldi masterpieces, the boy was making faces... indifferently sawing the strings
  3. (figuratively) to make unpleasant sounds (of animals); to snore
    pļaviņā zāģēja grieze — in the meadow a corncrake (bird) was sawing
    kaut kur nomalē dzird ēzeļa žēlās gaudas; zāģē kā ar zāģēšanu — somewhere in the area one (could) hear a donkey's lamenting wails; it sawed (= brayed) like (real) sawing
    uz brīdi pārstāja krākt, bet nu jau zāģē atkal — for a second he stopped snoring, but now he is sawing (= snoring) again
    gulēt kopā ar Ingu bija gatavās mokas: tas ne tikai zāģēja un šņākuļoja, bet novilka viņai visu segu — to sleep with Inga was a real torture: she not only sawed (= snored) and hissed (all the time), but also pulled the whole blanket off (to herself)
  4. (colloquial) to blame, to complain all the time
    sieva Lavīze arvien vēl zāģēja veco par postu, kas viņus piemeklējis — the wife, Lavīze, still sawed (= complained to, blamed) the old one (= husband) for the misery that had befallen them
    mani sieva zāģē vienā zāģēšanā, ka mežacūkām kartupeļus grūžot iekšā! — (my) wife saws (= blames, complains to) me in one sawing (= all the time), the way one shoves potatoes into a wild pig!
  5. (colloquial) to harm, to persecute, to make trouble for someone
    internāta pārzine tagad tevi zāģēs ilgu laiku — the school board will now saw (= persecute) you for quite a while

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “zāģis” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7