See also: ilens

Contents

LatvianEdit

 
Īlens

EtymologyEdit

Traditionally, this word is seen as a borrowing from Gothic 𐌴𐌻𐌰(ēla, awl), perhaps via Old Prussian ylo(awl). The Gothic e was very narrow (tense), so it was replaced by ī when borrowed. This loanword is first mentioned in 17th-century dictionaries. A more recent theory, however, connects īlens to ilknis(fang, tusk), ilkss(shaft), and with Hittite illuyanka(dragon; snake), where il- apparently refers to something sharp (fang, horn, stinger), in which case īlens might be a retention rather than a borrowing, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *eil-, *il-, *īl-, from *ei-, *h₁ei-(sharp, pointed), via a probable Proto-Baltic *īl- +‎ -ens.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

īlens m (1st declension)

  1. awl (pointed instrument for piercing small holes)
    izdurt caurumus ar īlenu‎ ― to pierce, prick holes with an awl
    ass ka īlens‎ ― sharp as an awl
    dur kā ar īlenu‎ ― it pierces as if with an awl (e.g., sharp pain)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “īlens”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7