See also: īstenībā

Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

A 19th-century neologism, derived from īstens(real) +‎ -ība and first mentioned in K. Valdemārs' 1872 German-Russian-Latvian dictionary.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

NounEdit

īstenība f (4th declension)

  1. reality (the existing world; that which actually exists)
    objektīvā īstenība‎ ― objective reality
    dzīves īstenība‎ ― life, living reality
    literatūras kā īstenības atspoguļotāja‎ ― literature as a reflection of reality
    atgriezties īstenībā‎ ― to come back to reality (i.e., to stop dreaming)
    īstenības izteiksme‎ ― indicative (lit. reality) mood (in verb conjugations)
  2. (in the locative, used adverbially) in reality, in fact, actually, really
    Dāvis īstenībā jau bija liels puisis‎ ― Dāvis was in fact already a big guy
    varbūt pat neatzinis, kas īstenībā padarīts‎ ― maybe he himself didn't recognize what had really been done

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “īsts”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7