ķirbis

LatvianEdit

 ķirbis on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Ķirbis
 
Ķirbji

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from German Kürbis, itself borrowed from Latin cucurbita (from an earlier *curbitia, via reduplication). This word is first mentioned in early 18th-century texts, but only in the 19th century did it become really popular and enter the standard literary language. Various expressions had previously been used to refer to this plant, usually comparing it to a cucumber or apple (“big cucumber”, “big apple”, “porridge apple,” “porridge cucumber,” etc.).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

ķirbis m (2nd declension)

  1. pumpkin, squash, gourd (plants; fam. Cucurbitaceae)
    paraistais ķirbiscommon pumpkin
    baltais ķirbiswhite gourd
    ziemas ķirbjiwinter squash
    ķirbju sēklaspumpkin seeds
    lielaugļu ķirbisbig-fruited pumpkin, gourd
    krūmu ķirbisdwarf (lit. bush) gourd, calabash
  2. pumpkin, squash, gourd (fruit of the corresponding plants)
    ķirbju zupapumpkin soup
    ķirbju salātipumpkin salad

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns, “ķirbis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, 1992, →ISBN