Uncertain origin, but possibly from σπάρτον (spárton, “rope, cable”), from Proto-Indo-European *sper-to, from *sper- (“to twist, turn”), a reference to the cords laid as the city's foundation boundaries, though this could be folk etymology.
- (5th BC Attic): IPA: /spártɛ͜ɛ/
- (1st BC Egyptian): IPA: /spárteː/
- (4th AD Koine): IPA: /spárti/
- (10th AD Byzantine): IPA: /spárti/
- (15th AD Constantinopolitan): IPA: /spáɾti/
- p. 1,025 in S. C. Woodhouse’s English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language. Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited. 1950.
- Robert S. P. Beekes (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers
- ^ Room, Adrian, Place Names of the World, 2nd ed., McFarland & Co., 2006.
Σπάρτη • (Spárti) f
- Sparta town of modern Greece and ancient city-state.