Found as far back as 8th century BC; from a Pre-Greek word, possibly Phoenician 𐤔𐤄𐤓𐤀𐤇 (“to feel ill”), a reference to the port being near a swamp.
Συρᾱ́κουσαι • (Surā́kousai) f (genitive Συρακουσῶν); first declension
- Συράκουσαι in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- Bauer, Walter et al. (2001) A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, Third edition, Chicago: University of Chicago Press
- “G4946”, in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
- Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited, page 1,026