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Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *ǵénu-, *ǵénus (chin, jaw). Cognates include Sanskrit हनु (hánu), Latin gena, Old Armenian ծնաւտ (cnawt, jaw), Persian چانه (čâne), Tocharian A śanwem, Lithuanian žandas, Welsh gen, and Old English ċinn (English chin).

PronunciationEdit

(Homeric Greek)
 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ɡé.nyːs/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈɡɛ.nys/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈɣe.nys/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈʝe.nys/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈʝe.nis/
  • (later poetry)
     
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ɡé.nys/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈɡɛ.nys/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈɣe.nys/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈʝe.nys/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈʝe.nis/
  • NounEdit

    γένῡς, γένῠς (génūs, génusf (genitive γένῠος); third declension

    1. jaw
    2. mouth
    3. edge of an axe

    InflectionEdit

    ReferencesEdit