See also: Chin, chín, chỉn, -chin, chîⁿ, and Ch'in

English edit

 
Composer Ambroise Thomas with hand on chin (1).

Pronunciation edit

  • enPR: chĭn, IPA(key): /t͡ʃɪn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪn

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English chyn, from Old English ċinn (chin), from Proto-Germanic *kinnuz (chin), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵénus (chin, jaw). Compare West Frisian/Dutch kin, Low German/German Kinn, Danish kind, Icelandic kinn, Welsh gen, Latin gena, Tocharian A śanwem, Ancient Greek γένυς (génus, jaw), Armenian ծնոտ (cnot), Persianچانه(čâne), Sanskrit हनु (hánu). Doublet of gena.

Noun edit

chin (plural chins)

  1. The bottom of a face, (specifically) the typically jutting jawline below the mouth.
  2. (slang, US) Talk.
  3. (slang, Britain) A lie, a falsehood.
  4. (slang, Britain) A person of the upper class.
  5. (boxing, uncountable) The ability to withstand being punched in the chin without being knocked out.
  6. (aviation) The lower part of the front of an aircraft, below the nose.
    • 1990, Army, volume 40:
      In the cleft of the aircraft's chin is a small turret for a forward-looking infrared (FLIR) "eyeball" that will enable MH-47E pilots to see clearly in complete darkness []
    • 2001, Aviation Week & Space Technology:
      Lockheed Martin's system is mounted behind a transparent, low-observable window blended into the aircraft's chin.
  7. The bottom part of a mobile phone, below the screen.
Synonyms edit
  • (central area of the jaw, below the mouth): mentum (anatomy)
Antonyms edit
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Verb edit

chin (third-person singular simple present chins, present participle chinning, simple past and past participle chinned)

  1. (slang, dated, intransitive) To talk.
    • 1912, Jack London, chapter 5, in Smoke Bellew[2], New York: Grosset & Dunlap, page 141:
      “I reckon you can explain, Mrs. Peabody.” [] “An’ I reckon that newcomer you’ve been chinning with could explain if he had a mind to.”
    • 1944, Ernie Pyle, chapter 1, in Brave Men[3], New York: Henry Holt, page 3:
      This little chore involved getting up at 3 A.M., working about two hours, then sitting around chinning and drinking coffee with the radio operators until too late to go back to sleep.
  2. (slang, dated, transitive) To talk to or with (someone).
    • 1911, Henry Sydnor Harrison, chapter 7, in Queed[4], Boston: Houghton Mifflin, page 85:
      “Been up chinning your sporting editor, Ragsy Hurd. []
    • 1912, Nancy Mann Waddel Woodrow, chapter 12, in The Black Pearl[5], New York: Appleton, page 239:
      “What do you suppose that Seagreave’s chinning Hughie about[?]”
  3. (reflexive, intransitive) To perform a chin-up (exercise in which one lifts one's own weight while hanging from a bar).
    • 1913, Upton Sinclair, The Fasting Cure[6], New York: Mitchell Kennerley, page 34:
      It is worth noting that on the eighth day he was strong enough to “chin” himself six times in succession, though previous to the fasting treatment he had never in his life been able to do this more than once or twice.
    • 1922, E. E. Cummings, chapter 4, in The Enormous Room[7], New York: Modern Library, published 1949, page 80:
      A description of the cour would be incomplete without an enumeration of the manifold duties of the planton in charge, which were as follows: to prevent the men from using the horizontal bar, except for chinning, since if you swung yourself upon it you could look over the wall into the women’s cour []
    • 1969, Kurt Vonnegut, chapter 5, in Slaughterhouse-Five[8], New York: Dial, published 2005, page 119:
      The Englishmen had also been lifting weights and chinning themselves for years. Their bellies were like washboards. The muscles of their calves and upper arms were like cannonballs.
    • 1986, Martin Cohen, The Marine Corps 3X Fitness Program[9], Boston: Little, Brown, Part 3, p. 75:
      You can grunt and curse to your heart’s content but you cannot swing your body when chinning.
  4. (chiefly UK, transitive) To punch or hit (someone)'s chin (part of the body).
    • 1915, Ralph Henry Barbour, chapter 14, in Left Tackle Thayer[10], New York: Dodd, Mead, pages 183–184:
      He told me once that he used to be scared to death every time he started in a hard game for fear he’d get badly injured. Said it wasn’t until someone had jabbed him in the nose or ‘chinned’ him that he forgot to be scared.
    • 1966, Nell Dunn, “OUT with the Boys”, in Up the Junction[11], Philadelphia: Lippincott, page 88:
      ‘I’m in trouble, I hit a policeman—chinned him. He was messin’ me about, pushin’ me around on the pavement, so I chinned him, didn’t I? []
  5. (transitive) To put or hold (a musical instrument) up to one's chin.
  6. (transitive) To turn on or operate (a device) using one's chin; to select (a particular setting) using one's chin.
    • 1958, Robert Heinlein, chapter 8, in Have Space Suit—Will Travel[14], New York: Del Rey, page 160:
      I was too tired to argue; I chinned the valve three or four times, felt a blast blistering my face.
    • 1985, Joe Haldeman, “You Can Never Go Back”, in Dealing in Futures[15], New York: Viking, page 154:
      I landed kind of sloppily on hands and knees and chinned the squad frequency. “First squad sound off!”
  7. (transitive) To put one's chin on (something).
    • 1977, Ian Wallace, chapter 26, in The Sign of the Mute Medusa[16], New York: Popular Library, page 243:
      [] she elbowed the table and chinned her hand.
    • 1994, Garry Disher, chapter 7, in Crosskill[17], St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, page 35:
      He chinned the alley fence and looked both ways along it.
  8. (transitive) To indicate or point toward (someone or something) with one's chin.
    • 2004, Han Ong, The Disinherited[18], New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, Part 4, Chapter 4, p. 239:
      But you don’t love him, said Madame Sonia with understanding. Do you love this one? Madame Sonia chinned the American.
Synonyms edit
  • (talk (slang)): gab
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Shortening of chinchilla.

Noun edit

chin (plural chins)

  1. (informal) A chinchilla.

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Aragonese edit

Etymology edit

Akin to French chien, from Latin canis.

Noun edit

chin

  1. dog

Aromanian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin pīnus. Compare Romanian pin.

Noun edit

chin

  1. pine

See also edit

Franco-Provençal edit

Etymology edit

From Latin canem, accusative singular of canis.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

chin m (plural chins)

  1. dog

Coordinate terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Gouvert, Xavier. 2020. Un chaînon manquant de la reconstruction romane: Le protofrancoprovençal. In Buchi, Éva & Schweickard, Wolfgang (eds.), Dictionnaire Étymologique Roman 3: Entre idioroman et protoroman, 82. Berlin: De Gruyter.

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

chin

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ちん
  2. Rōmaji transcription of チン

Kumeyaay edit

Pronunciation edit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Adjective edit

chin

  1. one.

Middle English edit

Noun edit

chin

  1. Alternative form of chyn

Min Nan edit

For pronunciation and definitions of chin – see (“true; genuine; real; actual; really; truly; very; quite”).
(This term, chin, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of ).

Navajo edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

chin

  1. grime, filth, body dirt

Synonyms edit

Romanian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Hungarian kín.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

chin n (plural chinuri)

  1. torture, pain
    Synonym: durere

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Dicționarul explicativ al limbii române (DEX) Online : [1]

Sardinian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin cum (with), from Proto-Italic *kom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (next to, at, with, along). The shift -u--i- is probably due to analogy with in.[1]
Compare Logudorese and Campidanese cun, Italian con, Portuguese com, Spanish con, Romanian cu, Sicilian cu.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

chin

  1. (Nuorese) with

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • Rubattu, Antoninu (2006) Dizionario universale della lingua di Sardegna, 2nd edition, Sassari: Edes
  1. ^ Wagner, Max Leopold (1960–1964) Dizionario etimologico sardo, Heidelberg

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Perhaps of African origin; compare Proto-Bantu *kɪ̀ntʊ̀ (little thing, small object).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃin/ [ˈt͡ʃĩn]
  • Rhymes: -in
  • Syllabification: chin

Noun edit

chin m (plural chines)

  1. (Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico) small amount
    Synonym: poco
    Dame un chin de café.
    Give me a little coffee.

References edit

  • Orlando Alba (2003) Cómo hablamos los dominicanos[19], Santo Domingo: Amigo del Hogar

Further reading edit

Tày edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

chin (𩚍)

  1. to eat
    Synonym: kin

References edit

  • Lục Văn Pảo; Hoàng Tuấn Nam (2003), Hoàng Triều Ân, editor, Từ điển chữ Nôm Tày [A Dictionary of (chữ) Nôm Tày]‎[20] (in Vietnamese), Hanoi: Nhà xuất bản Khoa học Xã hội
  • Hoàng Văn Ma; Lục Văn Pảo; Hoàng Chí (2006) Từ điển Tày-Nùng-Việt [Tay-Nung-Vietnamese dictionary] (in Vietnamese), Hanoi: Nhà xuất bản Từ điển Bách khoa Hà Nội
  • Lương Bèn (2011) Từ điển Tày-Việt [Tay-Vietnamese dictionary]‎[21][22] (in Vietnamese), Thái Nguyên: Nhà Xuất bản Đại học Thái Nguyên