GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek οὐδέν (oudén, in no way).

PronunciationEdit

ParticleEdit

δεν (den) (negating particle)

  1. not
    Δεν ήρθα χθες στο γραφείο.
    Den írtha chthes sto grafeío.
    I didn't come to the office yesterday.
    Δεν έρχεσαι μαζί μας;
    Den érchesai mazí mas?
    Won't you come with us?
  2. not (with stress on the negative aspect of a statement)
    Πήρε δεν πήρε εκατό ευρώ.
    Píre den píre ekató evró.
    He didn't even get one hundred euros.

Usage notesEdit

  • This form is used only when the following letter is a vowel or a plosive consonant (κ, τ, π, ξ, ψ, γκ, ντ, μπ).
  • δεν (den) and δε (de) are used with indicative verb forms, but μην (min) and μη (mi) are used with subjunctive verbs and imperatives.

SynonymsEdit