See also: εἰμί

Ancient Greek Edit

Alternative forms Edit

Etymology Edit

From Proto-Hellenic *éimi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁éyti.

Cognates include Mycenaean Greek 𐀂𐀍𐀳 (i-jo-te), Latin (I go), Sanskrit एति (eti, goes), Hittite 𒄿𒄿𒀀𒀜𒋫 (i-ya-at-ta /⁠iyatta⁠/, goes), Old Persian 𐎠𐎡𐎫𐎡𐎹 (a-i-t-i-y /⁠aitiy⁠/, goes), Old Church Slavonic ити (iti), Old English ēode (went).

Pronunciation Edit


Verb Edit

εἶμῐ (eîmi)

  1. I shall come, go

Usage notes Edit

Attic Greek: The present indicative (but not the other moods) has a future meaning: "I will go". The rest of the moods and tenses supply verb ἔρχομαι (érkhomai, I come) with Present subjunctive, optative, and with Imperfect. (Also, see ἦλθον (êlthon)).
ᾖα etc. are old praeterita and can therefore be used with either aoristive or imperfective aspect.

Homer: This does not apply to Archaic Epos yet, as Homer uses a future tense: εἴσομαι, εἴσῃ, εἴσεται, εἰσόμεθα, εἴεσθε, εἴσονται. Homer knows an aorist as well (εἴσατο etc.).

Inflection Edit

Derived terms Edit

Further reading Edit