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See also: έρχομαι


Ancient GreekEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *h₁ergʰ- (to move, go), cognate with ὀρχέομαι (orkhéomai), Albanian erdha ‘I came’, and Old Irish regaid (will go, future of téit). This is a suppletive verb, with tenses derived from three different roots; see εἶμι (eîmi) and ἦλθον (êlthon) for the etymologies of the other two roots.


  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ér.kʰo.mai̯/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈɛr.kʰo.mɛ/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈer.xo.mɛ/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈ
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈ
  • VerbEdit

    ἔρχομαι (érkhomai)

    1. (intransitive) I come, go

    Usage notesEdit

    ἔρχομαι is a suppletive verb that typically uses forms from other roots for all tenses and moods besides present indicative. εἶμι (eîmi) provides present non-indicative and imperfect indicative forms, and the present indicative forms have future meaning in Attic prose. ἦλθον (êlthon) provides aorist, perfect, and pluperfect forms, and an alternative set of future forms used in Epic, Ionic, and Tragic.


    Along with a few others (λαβέ (labé), ἰδέ (idé), εὑρέ (heuré), εἰπέ (eipé)), the aorist imperative has an irregular accent: ἐλθέ (elthé) and not **ἔλθε. This is not the case in compounds, however.


    Further readingEdit