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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

A Kulturwort of unknown ultimate origin, perhaps Scythian or Thracian.[1] A proposal going back to Schrader derives the word from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kana-pis: compare Eastern Mari кыне́ (kəné), Western Mari кӹне (kə̈ne, hemp) and Komi-Permyak пыш (pyš), Udmurt пыш (pyš, hemp),[2][3] but Finno-Ugricists deny the existence of such a compound[4].

Related to Sumerian [script needed] (kunibu), Akkadian [script needed] (qunnapu), Classical Syriac ܩܢܦܐ(qnpʾ), Arabic قِنَّب(qinnab), Proto-Germanic *hanapiz (English hemp), Proto-Slavic *konopja, Lithuanian kanãpės, Old Prussian knapios, Vulgar Latin canapis, canapus, Middle Persian kʾnb (kā̆naβ), Persian کنب(kanab), کنو(kanav, kenaf), Northern Kurdish kinif, Sogdian [script needed] (kynpʾ /kēnapā/), Chorasmian knb-ynk, Ossetian гӕн (gæn), гӕнӕ (gænæ), Khotanese kaṃha, kuṃbā, Wakhi kəm, Albanian kânëp, kërp, Old Armenian կանեփ (kanepʿ), կանափ (kanapʿ), Georgian კანაფი (ḳanapi), Svan ქან (kan), Turkish kenevir, kendir; perhaps also to Sanskrit शण (śaṇá), Middle Persian šn' (šan), the "satem" variants of the same etymon, and to Sanskrit भाङ्ग (bhāṅga), Persian بنگ(bang), the "reverse" forms of it (due to a taboo).[4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11] The interrelationship of these forms is disputed.

PronunciationEdit

 

NounEdit

κάννᾰβῐς (kánnabisf (genitive καννάβῐος or καννάβεως or καννάβῐδος); third declension

  1. (uncountable) hemp
  2. (countable) hemp seed

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 680–681
  2. ^ Schrader, Otto (1901) Reallexikon der indogermanischen Altertumskunde: Grundzüge einer Kultur- und Völkergeschichte Alteuropas (in German), Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, page 331
  3. ^ Berneker, Erich (1908–1913) Slavisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in de), volume I, Heidelberg: Winter, page 559
  4. 4.0 4.1 188”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in ru), Moscow: Nauka, 1974–, page 10
  5. ^ Edelʹman, D. I. (2011) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in ru), volume IV, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, pages 218–220
  6. ^ Bailey, H. W. (1979) Dictionary of Khotan Saka, Cambridge, London, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University press, pages 51–52, 62
  7. ^ Cabolov, R. L. (2001) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ kurdskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Kurdish Language] (in Russian), volume I, Moscow: Russian Academy Press Vostochnaya Literatura, pages 552–553
  8. ^ Abajev, V. I. (1958) Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ osetinskovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Ossetian Language] (in Russian), volume I, Moscow, Leningrad: USSR Academy of Sciences, pages 512–513
  9. ^ Steblin-Kamenskij, I.M. (1999) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ vaxanskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Wakhi Language] (in Russian), Saint Petersburg: Peterburgskoje Vostokovedenije, →ISBN, page 216
  10. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “կանեփ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in hy), volume II, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 513ab
  11. ^ Vasmer, Max (1967), “конопля”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in ru), volume II, translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv O. N., Moscow: Progress, page 312

Further readingEdit