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Ancient GreekEdit


From σᾰ́φ- (sáph-), the root of σαφής (saphḗs, clear), + -ᾰ (-a, adverbial suffix).




σάφα (sápha) (Epic, Attic)

  1. clearly, obviously, assuredly
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 2.31
      ἠέ τιν’ ἀγγελίην στρατοῦ ἔκλυεν ἐρχομένοιο,
      ἥν χ’ ἥμιν σάφα εἴποι, ὅτε πρότερός γε πύθοιτο;
      ēé tin’ angelíēn stratoû ékluen erkhoménoio,
      hḗn kh’ hḗmin sápha eípoi, hóte próterós ge púthoito?
      or has he heard some news of a coming army, which he would tell us clearly, when he first discovered [it]?
    • 472 BCE, Aeschylus, The Persians 337–338
      Αγ[γελος]   πλήθους μὲν ἂν σάφ’ ἴσθ’ ἕκατι βάρβαρον
      ναυσὶν κρατῆσαι.
      Ag[gelos]   plḗthous mèn àn sáph’ ísth’ hékati bárbaron
      nausìn kratêsai.
      Messenger: As to numbers, know assuredly that the foreigner would have the upper hand in ships

Usage notesEdit

Often used with verbs of knowing, such as οἶδα (oîda).