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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Homeric and Early Attic ξύν (xún) and Mycenaean Greek 𐀓𐀱 (ku-su) are its supposed early form. If not, with difficulty ( -υ- < *-o- is expected, but -σ- < *-s- and -σ- < *-ξ- are not), from Proto-Indo-European *som-, from *sem-, it might be a composition of this and one other element. Alternatively, it may be a phonologic combination of *sem- with *ḱóm by combining the initial consonant sounds of these related stems.[1]

PronunciationEdit

 

PrepositionEdit

σῠ́ν (sún) (governs the dative)

  1. beside, with.

Usage notesEdit

  • In compounds it has similar applications, including completeness.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

sim-

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Beekes RSP · 2010 · Etymological dictionary of Greek: 1038 for analysis.