Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Homeric and Old Attic ξύν (xún) and Mycenaean Greek 𐀓𐀱 (ku-su) are its supposed early forms. If not (with difficulty, since -υ- (-u-) < *-o- is expected, but -σ- (-s-) < *-s- and -σ- (-s-) < *-ξ- (*-x-) are not) from only Proto-Indo-European *som-, from *sem-, it might be composed of this and *ḱóm.[1]

PronunciationEdit

 

PrepositionEdit

σῠ́ν (sún) (governs the dative)

  1. beside, with

Usage notesEdit

  • In compounds it has similar applications, including completeness, simultaneity.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Greek: συν (syn)
  • Dutch: syn-
  • English: syn-, sym-
  • French: syn-
  • German: syn-
  • Italian: sin-, sim-

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Beekes RSP · 2010 · Etymological dictionary of Greek: 1038 for analysis.