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See also: birka and birkā

Contents

RussianEdit

 
Бирка на ухе овцы

EtymologyEdit

Unclear. There are several hypotheses: a borrowing from a North Germanic word for birch, compare to Danish birk, Norwegian bjerk; a Turkic borrowing, compare to Turkish bir + iki (one + two); or a derivation from Old East Slavic събьрати (sŭbĭrati, to assemble) (modern Russian собира́ть (sobirátʹ)), from Proto-Slavic *bьrati (to take).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

би́рка (bírkaf inan (genitive би́рки, nominative plural би́рки, genitive plural би́рок)

  1. nameplate, label, tag
  2. (historical) tally stick (notched piece of wood used for keeping an account)

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “бирка”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress