See also: BIR, Bir, and bír

AfarEdit

Temporal adverbs
Previous: ambóyra
Next: a bár

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbiɾ/
  • Hyphenation: bir

AdverbEdit

bír

  1. last night

NounEdit

bír m 

  1. last night

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985), “bir”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2004) Parlons Afar: Langue et Culture, L'Hammartan, →ISBN, page 37
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[2], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis)

AlbanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Albanian *bira, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰérus (compare Old English byre, Gothic 𐌱𐌰𐌿𐍂 (baur, son)).[1] Phonetically and semantically close to Messapic *bilia (daughter) and *biles (son), Matzinger reconstructs two different roots: Proto-Albanian *bʰi-ro and Proto-Messapic *bʰi-lo, both from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH (to grow, become).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bir m (indefinite plural bij, definite singular biri, definite plural bijtë)

  1. son

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “bir”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 26

AzerbaijaniEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic бир
Roman bir
Perso-Arabic بیر
Azerbaijani cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : bir
    Ordinal : birinci

EtymologyEdit

From Old Anatolian Turkish بر(bir), ultimately from Proto-Turkic *bir (*bīr).[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [bir]
  • (file)

NumeralEdit

bir

  1. one

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*bir (*bīr)”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill

CimbrianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German bier, from Old High German bior, from Proto-West Germanic *beuʀ, from Proto-Germanic *beuzą (beer). Cognate with German Bier, English beer. Doublet of bira.

NounEdit

bir n

  1. (Luserna) beer

ReferencesEdit


Crimean TatarEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *bīr (one).

NumeralEdit

Crimean Tatar cardinal numbers
1 2  > 
    Cardinal : bir
    Ordinal : birinci

bir

  1. one

ReferencesEdit

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[3], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

GagauzEdit

Gagauz cardinal numbers
1 2  > 
    Cardinal : bir
    Ordinal : birinci

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *bīr (one)

NumeralEdit

bir

  1. one

IndonesianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch bier.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈbɪr]
  • Hyphenation: bir

NounEdit

bir (first-person possessive birku, second-person possessive birmu, third-person possessive birnya)

  1. beer

CompoundsEdit

Further readingEdit


JavaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Dutch bier (beer).

NounEdit

bir

  1. beer

KaraimEdit

Karaim cardinal numbers
1 2  > 
    Cardinal : bir
    Ordinal : birińči

NumeralEdit

bir

  1. one

ReferencesEdit

  1. dnathan.com

MalayEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English beer.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bir (Jawi spelling بير‎, informal 1st possessive birku, impolite 2nd possessive birmu, 3rd possessive birnya)

  1. beer

SynonymsEdit


MalteseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic بِئْر(biʾr).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bir m (plural bjar)

  1. well

Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English byre (strong wind, storm).

NounEdit

bir (plural birs)

  1. A strong or favorable wind.
    • c. 1540, Destruction of Troy:
      Were blouen to þe brode se in a bir swithe.
  2. An armed assault or sally; a clash or encounter; a blow or stroke; an attack or affliction.
    • c. 1540, Destruction of Troy:
      A ᵹonge knight..suet to þe Duke With a bir on þe brest, þat backeward he ᵹode.
  3. Violence; strength; fury.
    • c. 1400, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight:
      With alle þe bur in his body he ber hit on lofte.
  4. An onrush, swiftness.
    • 1425, Wycliffe Bible, Judges 5:22:
      Enemyes fledden with bire.
  5. A charge on an account.
    • 1415, Account Rolls of the Abbey of Durham:
      Item in l bir de debito versus Rad'm Forster, 13 d.

DescendantsEdit

  • English: birr

ReferencesEdit


Middle High GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German bira, from Vulgar Latin pira, plural of Latin pirum.

NounEdit

bir ? (plural birn)

  1. pear

DescendantsEdit


Old IrishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Celtic *beru

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bir n (genitive bero or bera, nominative plural beura)

  1. stake, spit, point; spear, spike
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 67b11
      beura glosses sudes (stake)
DeclensionEdit
Neuter u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative birN, biur birL, biur beuraL, bira
Vocative birN, biur birL, biur beura
Accusative birN, biur birL, biur beura
Genitive beroH, beraH beroN, beraN beraeN
Dative biurL, biur beraib beraib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Celtic *beru, *beruro- (spring, well), said by Matasović to likely be related to *brutus (fermentation, boiling heat), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrewh₁-.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bir (gender unknown, genitive unattested, nominative plural beru)

  1. water, spring, well
    • c. 900, Sanas Cormaic, from the Yellow Book of Lecan, Corm. Y 158
      bir .i. uisce ... biror ⁊ inbir ⁊ tobur

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

·bir

  1. second-person singular present indicative conjunct of beirid

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bir bir
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbir
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ranko Matasović (2009), “beruro- ‘watercress’”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic[1] (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 63

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Hungarian bér

NounEdit

bir n (plural biruri)

  1. tribute

DeclensionEdit


SumerianEdit

RomanizationEdit

bir

  1. Romanization of 𒄵 (bir)

TurkishEdit

Turkish cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : bir
    Ordinal : birinci
    Distributive : birer
Turkish Wikipedia article on bir

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish بر(bir, one), from Proto-Turkic *bīr (one). Cognate with Old Turkic 𐰋𐰃𐰼(b²ir² /bir/).

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

bir

  1. one

ArticleEdit

bir

  1. a, an

PronounEdit

bir

  1. some

NounEdit

bir (definite accusative biri, plural birler)

  1. mono
  2. single

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative bir
Definite accusative biri
Singular Plural
Nominative bir birler
Definite accusative biri birleri
Dative bire birlere
Locative birde birlerde
Ablative birden birlerden
Genitive birin birlerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular birim birlerim
2nd singular birin birlerin
3rd singular biri birleri
1st plural birimiz birlerimiz
2nd plural biriniz birleriniz
3rd plural birleri birleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular birimi birlerimi
2nd singular birini birlerini
3rd singular birini birlerini
1st plural birimizi birlerimizi
2nd plural birinizi birlerinizi
3rd plural birlerini birlerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular birime birlerime
2nd singular birine birlerine
3rd singular birine birlerine
1st plural birimize birlerimize
2nd plural birinize birlerinize
3rd plural birlerine birlerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular birimde birlerimde
2nd singular birinde birlerinde
3rd singular birinde birlerinde
1st plural birimizde birlerimizde
2nd plural birinizde birlerinizde
3rd plural birlerinde birlerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular birimden birlerimden
2nd singular birinden birlerinden
3rd singular birinden birlerinden
1st plural birimizden birlerimizden
2nd plural birinizden birlerinizden
3rd plural birlerinden birlerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular birimin birlerimin
2nd singular birinin birlerinin
3rd singular birinin birlerinin
1st plural birimizin birlerimizin
2nd plural birinizin birlerinizin
3rd plural birlerinin birlerinin

TurkmenEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *bīr (one)

NumeralEdit

Turkmen cardinal numbers
1 2  > 
    Cardinal : bir
    Ordinal : birinji

bir

  1. one

UzbekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *bīr (one)

NumeralEdit

Uzbek cardinal numbers
1 2  > 
    Cardinal : bir
    Ordinal : birinchi

bir

  1. one

VolapükEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Reformed in the 1920s from bil, to make it more like its etymons.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bir (nominative plural birs)

  1. beer

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit