свеча

RussianEdit

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свеча

EtymologyEdit

From Old East Slavic свѣча ‎(svěča, candle), from Proto-Slavic *svěťa ‎(candle), from *světъ ‎(light) + *-ja.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

свеча́ ‎(svečáf inan ‎(genitive свечи́, nominative plural све́чи)

  1. candle (a light source, usually of wax)
    Свеча́ горе́ла на столе́.‎ ― Svečá goréla na stolé.A candle was burning on the table.
    Све́чи - иску́сственные исто́чники све́та.‎ ― Svéči - iskússtvennyje istóčniki svéta.Candles are artificial light sources.
  2. (physics) candela (unit of luminous intensity)
  3. (automotive) spark plug / sparking plug
  4. (medicine) suppository.

DeclensionEdit

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ReferencesEdit

  • свеча in Max Vasmer (1986), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 4 vols (second edition), Moscow: Progress — Translated from German and supplemented by O. N. Trubačóv
  • свеча” in Pavel Černyx (1999), Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 2 vols (3rd ed.), Moscow: Publishing House "Russian Language", volume 2, page 146
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