Old Church Slavonic edit

 
свѣтъ

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *světъ.

Cognate with Sanskrit श्वेत (śvetá, white, bright), श्वित्र (śvitrá, white), Old English hwīt (whence English white).

Noun edit

свѣтъ (světŭm

  1. light
    • John 3:20, from Codex Marianus, 4032000:
      вьсѣкъ бо дѣлаѩи зъла · ненавидитъ свѣта ·
      vĭsěkŭ bo dělajęi zŭla · nenaviditŭ světa ·
      For every one that doeth evil hateth the light.
    • 2 Коринт. 4:6-15 from Син. евх.:
      б҃ъ рекъі и҅с тъмъі свѣтоу въсиꙗ҅ти· ꙇ҅же въсиꙗ҅ въ ср҃цихъ вашихъ·
      b:ŭ rekŭi i҅s tŭmŭi světu vŭsija҅ti· i҅že vŭsija҅ vŭ sr:cixŭ vašixŭ·
      For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts.
  2. world
    • from the Homily against the Bogumils, 2436-2437:
      иже оубо изволитъ дроугъ свѣтоу семоу бꙑти врагъ божии бꙑваѥтъ
      iže ubo izvolitŭ drugŭ světu semu byti vragŭ božii byvajetŭ
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)

Declension edit

Antonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Bulgarian: свят (svjat)

Old East Slavic edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *světъ.

Pronunciation edit

  • (ca. 9th CE) IPA(key): /ˈsʋeːtʊ/
  • (ca. 11th CE) IPA(key): /ˈsʋʲeːtʊ/
  • (ca. 13th CE) IPA(key): /ˈsʋʲɛːt/, /ˈsʋʲeːt/
  • Hyphenation: свѣ‧тъ

Noun edit

свѣтъ (světŭm (related adjective свѣтовьнꙑи)

  1. light
  2. world

Declension edit

Antonyms edit

  • (antonym(s) of "light"): тьма (tĭma, darkness)

Descendants edit

References edit

  • Sreznevsky, Izmail I. (1912) “свѣтъ”, in Матеріалы для Словаря древне-русскаго языка по письменнымъ памятникамъ [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old East Slavic Language Based on Written Monuments]‎[1] (in Russian), volumes 3 (Р – Ꙗ и дополненія), Saint Petersburg: Department of Russian Language and Literature of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, column 295

Russian edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

свѣтъ (světm inan (genitive свѣ́та, nominative plural свѣ́ты, genitive plural свѣ́товъ)

  1. Pre-1918 spelling of свет (svet).

Declension edit