See also: Light

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English light, liht, leoht, from Old English lēoht (light, daylight; power of vision; luminary; world), from Proto-Germanic *leuhtą (light), from Proto-Indo-European *lewktom, from the root *lewk- (light). Cognate with Scots licht (light), West Frisian ljocht (light), Dutch licht (light), Low German licht (light), German Licht (light). Related also to Swedish ljus (light), Icelandic ljós (light), Latin lūx (light), Russian луч (luč, beam of light), Armenian լույս (luys, light), Ancient Greek λευκός (leukós, white).

NounEdit

light (countable and uncountable, plural lights)

 
A city illuminated by colorful artificial lighting at night
  1. (physics, uncountable) Visible electromagnetic radiation. The human eye can typically detect radiation (light) in the wavelength range of about 400 to 750 nanometers. Nearby shorter and longer wavelength ranges, although not visible, are commonly called ultraviolet and infrared light.
    As you can see, this spacious dining-room gets a lot of light in the mornings.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, in The Celebrity:
      Then came a maid with hand-bag and shawls, and after her a tall young lady. She stood for a moment holding her skirt above the grimy steps, [] , and the light of the reflector fell full upon her.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 3, in The China Governess[1]:
      Here the stripped panelling was warmly gold and the pictures, mostly of the English school, were mellow and gentle in the afternoon light.
    • 2013 July 20, “Out of the gloom”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8845:
      [Rural solar plant] schemes are of little help to industry or other heavy users of electricity. Nor is solar power yet as cheap as the grid. For all that, the rapid arrival of electric light to Indian villages is long overdue. When the national grid suffers its next huge outage, as it did in July 2012 when hundreds of millions were left in the dark, look for specks of light in the villages.
    • 2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
      When the studio light is on, I am recording my evening show.
      (file)
  2. A source of illumination.
    Put that light out!
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 5, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      He was thinking; but the glory of the song, the swell from the great organ, the clustered lights, […], the height and vastness of this noble fane, its antiquity and its strength—all these things seemed to have their part as causes of the thrilling emotion that accompanied his thoughts.
  3. Spiritual or mental illumination; enlightenment, useful information.
    Can you throw any light on this problem?
  4. (in the plural, now rare) Facts; pieces of information; ideas, concepts.
    • 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd corrected and augmented edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970:
      , Book I, New York 2001, page 166:
      Now these notions are twofold, actions or habits […], which are durable lights and notions, which we may use when we will.
  5. A notable person within a specific field or discipline.
    Picasso was one of the leading lights of the cubist movement.
    • (Can we date this quote by Tennyson and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Joan of Arc, a light of ancient France
  6. (painting) The manner in which the light strikes a picture; that part of a picture which represents those objects upon which the light is supposed to fall; the more illuminated part of a landscape or other scene; opposed to shade.
  7. A point of view, or aspect from which a concept, person or thing is regarded.
    I'm really seeing you in a different light today.
    Magoon's governorship in Cuba was viewed in a negative light by many Cuban historians for years thereafter.
    • (Can we date this quote by South and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Frequent consideration of a thing [] shows it in its several lights and various ways of appearance.
    • 1945 August 17, George Orwell [pseudonym; Eric Arthur Blair], chapter 3, in Animal Farm: A Fairy Story, London: Secker & Warburg, OCLC 3655473:
      Now if there was one thing that the animals were completely certain of, it was that they did not want Jones back. When it was put to them in this light, they had no more to say.
  8. A flame or something used to create fire.
    Hey, buddy, you got a light?
  9. A firework made by filling a case with a substance which burns brilliantly with a white or coloured flame.
    a Bengal light
  10. A window, or space for a window in architecture.
    This facade has eight south-facing lights.
  11. The series of squares reserved for the answer to a crossword clue.
    The average length of a light on a 15×15 grid is 7 or 8.
  12. (informal) A cross-light in a double acrostic or triple acrostic.
  13. Open view; a visible state or condition; public observation; publicity.
  14. The power of perception by vision.
    • Bible, Psalms xxxviii. 10
      My strength faileth me; as for the light of my eyes, it also is gone from me.
  15. The brightness of the eye or eyes.
  16. A traffic light, or, by extension, an intersection controlled by one or more that will face a traveler who is receiving instructions.
    To get to our house, turn right at the third light.
SynonymsEdit
HypernymsEdit
HyponymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Gulf Arabic: ليت(lēt)
  • Sranan Tongo: leti
TranslationsEdit

See light/translations § Noun.

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English lighten, lihten, from Old English līhtan, lȳhtan, lēohtan (to lighten, illuminate, give light, shine; grow light, dawn; light, kindle), from Proto-Germanic *liuhtijaną, from *leuhtą +‎ *-janą. Cognate with German leuchten (to shine).

VerbEdit

light (third-person singular simple present lights, present participle lighting, simple past and past participle lit or lighted)

  1. (transitive) To start (a fire).
    Synonym: set
    Antonyms: extinguish, put out, quench
    We lit the fire to get some heat.
  2. (transitive) To set fire to; to set burning.
    Synonyms: ignite, kindle, conflagrate
    Antonyms: extinguish, put out, quench
    She lit her last match.
    • (Can we date this quote by Hakewill and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      if a thousand candles be all lighted from one
    • (Can we date this quote by Addison and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Absence might cure it, or a second mistress / Light up another flame, and put out this.
  3. (transitive) To illuminate; to provide light for when it is dark.
    Synonyms: illuminate, light up
    I used my torch to light the way home through the woods in the night.
    • (Can we date this quote by F. Harrison and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      One hundred years ago, to have lit this theatre as brilliantly as it is now lighted would have cost, I suppose, fifty pounds.
    • (Can we date this quote by Dryden and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The Sun has set, and Vesper, to supply / His absent beams, has lighted up the sky.
    • 1932, Delos W. Lovelace, King Kong, published 1965, page 9:
      "Can I light you down to your cab?"
  4. (intransitive) To become ignited; to take fire.
    Synonyms: catch fire, ignite, conflagrate
    This soggy match will not light.
  5. To attend or conduct with a light; to show the way to by means of a light.
    • (Can we date this quote by Landor and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      His bishops lead him forth, and light him on.
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
phrasal verbs
idioms with the verb “light”
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English light, liht, leoht, from Old English lēoht (luminous, bright, light, clear, resplendent, renowned, beautiful), from Proto-Germanic *leuhtaz (light), from Proto-Indo-European *lewk- (light). Cognate with Saterland Frisian ljoacht (light), Dutch licht, German licht.

AdjectiveEdit

light (comparative lighter, superlative lightest)

 
A light-skinned black person.
  1. Having light; bright; clear; not dark or obscure.
    The room is light when the Sun shines through the window.
  2. Pale or whitish in color; highly luminous and more or less deficient in chroma.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      'Twas early June, the new grass was flourishing everywheres, the posies in the yard—peonies and such—in full bloom, the Sun was shining, and the water of the bay was blue, with light green streaks where the shoal showed.
    She had light skin.
  3. (of coffee) Served with extra milk or cream.
    I like my coffee light.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From Old English lēoht, līht, from Proto-Germanic *linhtaz or *līhtaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁lengʷʰ- (light). Cognate with Dutch licht, German leicht, Swedish lätt, Norwegian lett, Albanian lehtë, Latin levis, Lithuanian lengvas, Sanskrit लघु (laghu).

AdjectiveEdit

light (comparative lighter, superlative lightest)

  1. Having little or relatively little actual weight; not cumbrous or unwieldy.
    a light load ; a lighter backpack after having removed the books ; light weapons
    • (Can we date this quote by Addison and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      These weights did not exert their natural gravity [] insomuch that I could not guess which was light or heavy whilst I held them in my hand.
  2. Having little weight as compared with bulk; of little density or specific gravity.
    feathers and cork are light ; oil is lighter than water
  3. Of short or insufficient weight; weighing less than the legal, standard, or proper amount; clipped or diminished.
    to issue light coin
  4. Lacking that which burdens or makes heavy.
    1. Free from burden or impediment; unencumbered.
    2. Lightly built; typically designed for speed or small loads.
      a light aircraft ; a light tank
    3. (military) Not heavily armed; armed with light weapons.
      light infantry; a troop of light horse
    4. (nautical, of a ship) Riding high because of no cargo; by extension, pertaining to a ship which is light.
      if a ship is light or partially loaded ; the light draft of a vessel, or its light displacement
    5. (rail transport, of a locomotive or consist of locomotives) Without any piece of equipment attached or attached only to a caboose.
      the light locomotives ; a locomotive may be moved light
  5. (cooking) Not heavy or soggy; spongy; well raised.
    a light bread ; sponge cake is a light cake
  6. Gentle; having little force or momentum.
    This artist clearly had a light, flowing touch.
  7. Easy to endure or perform.
    light duties around the house
    • (Can we date this quote by Dryden and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Light sufferings give us leisure to complain.
  8. Low in fat, calories, alcohol, salt, etc.
    This light beer still gets you drunk if you have enough of it.
  9. Unimportant, trivial, having little value or significance.
    I made some light comment, and we moved on.
  10. (obsolete) Unchaste, wanton.
  11. Not encumbered; unembarrassed; clear of impediments; hence, active; nimble; swift.
    • (Can we date this quote by Francis Bacon and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Unmarried men are best friends, best masters [] but not always best subjects, for they are light to run away.
  12. (dated) Easily influenced by trifling considerations; unsteady; unsettled; volatile.
    a light, vain person; a light mind
    • (Can we date this quote by Tillotson and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      There is no greater argument of a light and inconsiderate person than profanely to scoff at religion.
  13. Indulging in, or inclined to, levity; lacking dignity or solemnity; frivolous; airy.
    Ogden Nash was a writer of light verse.
  14. Not quite sound or normal; somewhat impaired or deranged; dizzy; giddy.
  15. Easily interrupted by stimulation.
    light sleep; light anesthesia
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
attributive uses of the adjective “light”
idioms with the word “light”
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

AdverbEdit

light (comparative lighter, superlative lightest) (Should we delete(+) this sense?)

  1. Carrying little.
    I prefer to travel light.
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

light (plural lights)

  1. (curling) A stone that is not thrown hard enough.
  2. See lights (lungs).

VerbEdit

light (third-person singular simple present lights, present participle lighting, simple past and past participle lighted)

  1. (nautical) To unload a ship, or to jettison material to make it lighter
  2. To lighten; to ease of a burden; to take off.
Derived termsEdit
phrasal verbs
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Old English līhtan

VerbEdit

light (third-person singular simple present lights, present participle lighting, simple past and past participle lit or lighted)

  1. To find by chance.
    I lit upon a rare book in a second-hand bookseller's.
  2. To stop upon (of eyes or a glance); to notice
  3. (archaic) To alight; to land or come down.
    She fell out of the window but luckily lit on her feet.
    • 1769, Benjamin Blayney (Ed.), King James Bible (Genesis 25:64)
      And Rebekah lifted up her eyes, and when she saw Isaac, she lighted off the camel.
    • 1885, Theodore Roosevelt, Hunting Trips of a Ranchman
      Some kinds of ducks in lighting strike the water with their tails first, and skitter along the surface for a few feet before settling down.
    • 1957, Dr. Seuss (Theodor Geisel), The Cat in the Hat
      And our fish came down, too. He fell into a pot! He said, "Do I like this? Oh, no! I do not. This is not a good game," Said our fish as he lit.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
phrasal verbs
TranslationsEdit

Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English lēoht (light, daylight; power of vision; luminary; world), from Proto-Germanic *leuhtą (light), from Proto-Indo-European *lewktom, from the root *lewk- (light).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

light (plural lightes)

  1. The radiation which allows for vision by brightening objects and colours.
  2. Illumination in general, or any source thereof.
  3. The metaphorical clarity resulting from philosophical or religious ideals such as truth, wisdom, righteousness, etc.
  4. Mental or spiritual acuity; the presence of life in a living being.
  5. (chemistry) The property of lustre; how shiny a substance is.
  6. (religion) Heavenly radiance; glory
  7. (architecture) an opening in a wall allowing for the transmission of light; a window.
  8. The sense of sight.
  9. The state of being easily seen.

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English light.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

light (invariable, comparable)

  1. (of food) light (low in fat, calories, alcohol, salt or other undesirable substances)

SynonymsEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English light.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈlait/, [ˈlai̯t̪]

AdjectiveEdit

light (plural light)

  1. light (low in fat, calories, salt, alcohol, etc.)
  2. (of cigarettes) light (low in tar, nicotine and other noxious chemicals)
  3. (by extension) Lacking substance or seriousness; lite.

Usage notesEdit

  • As a foreign term with unassimilated spelling and pronunciation, light is usually rendered in italics in formal contexts or published writings.

ReferencesEdit