Armenian edit

 
աչք

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old Armenian աչք (ačʿkʿ).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

աչք (ačʿkʿ)

  1. eye
    կապույտ աչքերkapuyt ačʿkʿerblue eyes

Declension edit

Synonyms edit

Old Armenian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₃(o)kʷih₁ (both eyes), dual of *h₃ókʷs (eye), +‎ (-kʿ).[1][2][3][4]

Noun edit

աչք (ačʿkʿpl

  1. eyes; sight; look
    աչս արձակել՝ արկանելačʿs arjakel, arkanelto cast eyes upon, to desire
    ըստ աչս դատելəst ačʿs datelto judge by first sight
    յաչս դնելyačʿs dnelto despise
    առ աչս հայելaṙ ačʿs hayelto pay respect to persons
    յաչաց հանելyačʿacʿ hanelto render odious
    յաչաց ելանելyačʿacʿ elanelto be in disgrace, to lose the good graces of any one
    առ աչօքaṙ ačʿōkʿfantastical, fanciful, chimerical; visibly
    առ աչօք ինչ տեսիլ, երեւոյթaṙ ačʿōkʿ inčʿ tesil, erewoytʿspectre, phantom, ghost; vision, illusion
    կալ աչացkal ačʿacʿto become blind
    թերաբաց աչքtʿerabacʿ ačʿkʿhalf-closed eyes
    յաչս դնելyačʿs dnelto be bold, to brave, to defy
    աչք յարտասուսačʿkʿ yartasustears in the eyes, weeping
    զաչս ի վայր արկանելzačʿs i vayr arkanelto lower the eyes
    ցաւ աչացcʿaw ačʿacʿcomplaint, pain in the eyes

Usage notes edit

The word was used as the plural form of ակն (akn, eye) and referred to both eyes. Not so in modern Armenian.

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Ačaṙyan, Hračʿya (1940) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun [History of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), volume I, Yerevan: University Press, pages 38–39
  2. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “աչք”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  3. ^ Fortson, Benjamin W. (2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, second edition, Oxford: Blackwell, page 385
  4. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “ač‘-k‘”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden and Boston: Brill, page 98

Further reading edit

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “աչք”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, Matatʿeay (1879), “աչք”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy