լավաշ

Contents

ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Armenian *լաւաշ ‎(*lawaš), a by-form of լաւշ ‎(lawš), whence լոշ ‎(loš).

The ultimate origin is uncertain.

According to Ačaṙyan, we are dealing with a Semitic borrowing. Compare Samaritan Aramaic ࠋࠅࠔ ‎(lwš [lūš], dough), Aramaic ליש ‎(layš), לישא ‎(layšā, dough), Classical Syriac ܠܝܫܐ ‎(layšā, lump of dough), absolute state ܠܝܫ ‎(layš), all from the Aramaic base לוש ‎(lwš, to knead). Further compare Akkadian [script needed] ‎(līšu, dough, paste), [script needed] ‎(lâšu, to knead), Hebrew לַיִשׁ ‎(láyiš, dough), לָשׁ ‎(lāš, to knead), Arabic لاث ‎(laṯ, to dip a slice in oil), لواثة ‎(luwāṯa, flour powder sprinkled for preventing stickiness of dough).

On the other hand, Martirosyan tentatively connects լավաշ ‎(lavaš) with dialectal լափ ‎(lapʿ), լուփ ‎(lupʿ), լովազ ‎(lovaz, palm, flat of the hand), լափուկ ‎(lapʿuk), լեփուկ ‎(lepʿuk, flat, polished stone for playing), լավազ ‎(lavaz, very thin) and assumes derivation from Proto-Armenian *law-, *lapʿ- ‎(flat) +‎ -աշ ‎(-aš). For further origin compare Proto-Germanic *lōfô ‎(the palm or hollow of the hand), Russian ла́па ‎(lápa, paw), Latin lapis ‎(stone, milestone), Ancient Greek λέπας ‎(lépas, bare rock, mountain), Ibero-Romance *lappa ‎(stone plate), all of which may go back to Proto-Indo-European *lóHp-eh₂- or *léh₃p-eh₂- or be borrowed from a substrate language.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

լավաշ ‎(lavaš) ‎(traditional orthography spelling լաւաշ)

  1. lavash

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 305
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “լօշ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “Haykakankʿ (Armeniaca)”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 639
  • lw$”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Fīrūzābādī (1250 Rumi calendar [=1834 AD]) Al-uqiyānūs al-basīt[1], volume I, translated from Arabic into Ottoman Turkish by Aḥmad ʻĀṣim, 2nd edition, Constantinople, pages 364, 365
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