հայ

Contents

ArmenianEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian հայ ‎(hay).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

հայ ‎(hay)

  1. Armenian
    Հա՞յ ես։‎ ― Ha?y es. ― Are you an Armenian?

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

հայ ‎(hay)

  1. Armenian

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit


Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

The origin is disputed. The stem of the word is հայո- ‎(hayo-), as evidenced by the o-type declension.

According to Diakonoff, the ethnonym derives from Proto-Armenian *hatiyos, *hatyos, from Urartian [script needed] ‎(Ḫāti, the land of Hittites); compare Hittite [script needed] ‎(Ḫatti). This name was given by Urartians to all lands west of Euphrates, including the territory around Malatya occupied by Proto-Armenians. When the Urartians were assimilated among the Proto-Armenians, they took over their Indo-European language and started calling themselves by the same name of the “Hittites”.

Martirosyan connects հայ ‎(hay) with Hayaša- and derives both from Proto-Indo-European *áyos, h₂éyos ‎(metal). He explains Hayaša- as “the land of metal or iron” and հայ ‎(hay) as “inhabitant of the land of metal or iron”. Hayasa, located on the north-western corner of historical Armenia, was famous for metalworking.

An old proposal derives the word from Proto-Indo-European *pótis ‎(lord, master). Sound changes make this unconvincing.

Armenian tradition connects the word with the nation's legendary eponym Հայկ ‎(Hayk).

See also Old Persian 𐎠𐎼𐎷𐎡𐎴 ‎(Armina) and Georgian სომეხი ‎(somexi).

NounEdit

հայ ‎(hay)

  1. Armenian
    հայք‎ ― haykʿ ― the Armenians, the Armenian nation

DeclensionEdit

AdjectiveEdit

հայ ‎(hay)

  1. Armenian
    հայ լեզու, բարբառ‎ ― hay lezu, barbaṙ ― the Armenian language
    թարգմանել ի հայ, յեղուլ ի հայ բան‎ ― tʿargmanel i hay, yełul i hay ban ― to translate into Armenian, into the Armenian language

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “հայ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “հայ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “hay”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 382–385
  • Дьяконов И.М. Предыстория армянского народа. История Армянского нагорья с 1500 по 500 г. до н.э. Хурриты, лувийцы, протоармяне / Еремян С.Т. — Ереван: Издательство АН Армянской ССР, 1968, стр. 236
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