According to Diakonoff, derived by metathesis from the name of the country called 𒆳𒋢𒄭 (/Suḫmu/) in Akkadian and [script needed] (Zuhma) in Hittite. It was located in the upper Euphrates valley, i.e. close to South-Caucasian tribes, and was at some time inhabited by Proto-Armenians. Cognate with Laz სუმეხი (sumexi).
- სომხეთი (somxeti)
- Ossetian: сомих (somix)
- ^ Dʹjakonov, I. M. (1968) , S. T. Jeremjan, editor, Predystorija armjanskovo naroda. Istorija Armjanskovo nagorʹja s 1500 po 500 g. do n.e. Xurrity, luvijcy, protoarmjane [The Pre-History of the Armenian People. The History of the Armenian Highland from 1500 to 500 BC. Hurrians, Luwians, Proto-Armenians] (in Russian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 234