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ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Armenian հուն (hun).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

հուն (hun)

  1. ford, shallow
    Հունը չգիտցած գետը մտնել։Hunə čʿgitcʿac getə mtnel.To enter the river not knowing the ford.
  2. riverbed
  3. dried riverbed
  4. bottom of the sea, lake or river
  5. way, direction, course
    հունի մեջ դնելhuni meǰ dnelto put into the right order or course, to give an adequate course or direction
    հունի մեջ ընկնելhuni meǰ ənknelto fall onto the right direction, to begin with an ordered work
    հունից հանելhunicʿ hanelto take out of the right order
  6. (dialectal) top
    հուն ելնելhun elnelto vanquish, to surmount (literally, to come up to the top)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • հուն”, in Žamanakakicʿ hayocʿ lezvi bacʿatrakan baṙaran [Explanatory Dictionary of Contemporary Armenian] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, 1969–1980
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 424

Middle ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian հուն (hun).

NounEdit

հուն (hun)

  1. way, direction, course
    ի հուն ելնելi hun elnelto come to one's senses, to come to reason
    ի հուն հանելi hun hanelto bring to reason, to bring to senses
  2. limit, border, end
  3. top
    ի հուն ելանելi hun elanelto cope with, succeed in, to come up to the top, to a successful accomplishment
    ի հուն հանելi hun hanelto cause to succeed

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Łazaryan, Ṙ. S.; Avetisyan, H. M. (2009), “ի հուն ելնել”, in Miǰin hayereni baṙaran [Dictionary of Middle Armenian] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “հուն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “հուն”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy

Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *pónteh₁s. See also Georgian ფონი (poni).

NounEdit

հուն (hun)

  1. ford, shallow
  2. (as an adjective) shallow
  3. passage, way
  4. opening, gap

Usage notesEdit

In the compound անհուն (anhun) the word also means ‘bottom, base’. For the sense development compare Latin vadum (shallow, ford; bottom of the sea).

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “հուն”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “հուն”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “հուն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 422