հուն

ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Armenian հուն ‎(hun).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

հուն ‎(hun)

  1. ford, shallow
    Հունը չգիտցած գետը մտնել։‎ ― Hunə čʿgitcʿac getə mtnel. ― To enter the river not knowing the ford.
  2. riverbed
  3. dried riverbed
  4. bottom of the sea, lake or river
  5. way, direction, course
    հունի մեջ դնել‎ ― huni meǰ dnel ― to put into the right order or course, to give an adequate course or direction
    հունի մեջ ընկնել‎ ― huni meǰ ənknel ― to fall onto the right direction, to begin with an ordered work
    հունից հանել‎ ― hunicʿ hanel ― to take out of the right order
  6. (dialectal) top
    հուն ելնել‎ ― hun elnel ― to vanquish, to surmount (literally, to come up to the top)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • հուն in A. S. Łaribyan, Ē. B. Ałayan, G. B. J̌ahukyan, S. G. Abrahamyan, V. D. Aṙakʿelyan (editors-in-chief) (1969–80), Žamanakakicʿ hayocʿ lezvi bacʿatrakan baṙaran [Explanatory Dictionary of Contemporary Armenian], in 4 vols, Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 424

Middle ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian հուն ‎(hun).

NounEdit

հուն ‎(hun)

  1. way, direction, course
    ի հուն ելնել‎ ― i hun elnel ― to come to one's senses, to come to reason
    ի հուն հանել‎ ― i hun hanel ― to bring to reason, to bring to senses
  2. limit, border, end
  3. top
    ի հուն ելանել‎ ― i hun elanel ― to cope with, succeed in, to come up to the top, to a successful accomplishment
    ի հուն հանել‎ ― i hun hanel ― to cause to succeed

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • ի հուն ելնել and ի հուն հանել in Ṙuben Łazaryan, Henrik Avetisyan (2009), Miǰin hayereni baṙaran [Dictionary of Middle Armenian] (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • հուն in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan]
  • հուն in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy

Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *pónteh₁s. See also Georgian ფონი ‎(poni).

NounEdit

հուն ‎(hun

  1. ford, shallow
  2. (as an adjective) shallow
  3. passage, way
  4. opening, gap

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

In the compound անհուն ‎(anhun) the word also means ‘bottom, base’. For the sense development compare Latin vadum ‎(shallow, ford; bottom of the sea).

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • հուն in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • հուն in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • հուն in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan]
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 422
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