See also: TOP, Top, tốp, and töp

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English top, toppe, from Old English top (top, highest part; summit; crest; tassel, tuft; (spinning) top, ball; a tuft or ball at the highest point of anything), from Proto-Germanic *tuppaz (braid, pigtail, end), from Proto-Indo-European *dumb- (tail, rod, staff, penis).

Cognate with Scots tap (top), North Frisian top, tap, tup (top), Saterland Frisian Top (top), West Frisian top (top), Dutch top (top, summit, peak), Low German Topp (top), German Zopf (braid, pigtail, plait, top), Swedish topp (top, peak, summit, tip), Icelandic toppur (top).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

top (countable and uncountable, plural tops)

  1. The highest or uppermost part of something.
    Synonyms: peak, summit, overside
    Antonyms: bottom, base, underside
    His kite got caught at the top of the tree.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], OCLC 752825175:
      But then I had the [massive] flintlock by me for protection. ¶ [] The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window at the old mare feeding in the meadow below by the brook, [].
    1. (irrespective of present orientation) the part of something that is usually the top.
      • 2017 October 1 (last accessed), Dewayne Carel, “Cooler Master V8 CPU Cooler”, in (Please provide the book title or journal name)[1]:
        To mount the V8, I simply placed it on its top, and then prepped the mobo/CPU for installation (applied thermal compound).
      We flipped the machine onto its top.
    2. The uppermost part of a page, picture, viewing screen, etc.
      Synonym: head (of a page)
      Antonym: foot (of a page)
      Further weather information can be found at the top of your television screen.  Headings appear at the tops of pages.
    3. A lid, cap or cover of a container.
      Synonyms: cap, coverlid
      Put a top on the toothpaste tube or it will go bad.
    4. A garment worn to cover the torso.
      Antonym: bottom
      I bought this top as it matches my jeans.
    5. A framework at the top of a ship's mast to which rigging is attached.
    6. (baseball) The first half of an inning, during which the home team fields and the visiting team bats.
    7. (archaic) The crown of the head, or the hair upon it; the head.
  2. A child’s spinning toy; a spinning top.
    The boy was amazed at how long the top would spin.
  3. (heading) Someone who is eminent.
    1. (archaic) The chief person; the most prominent one.
    2. The highest rank; the most honourable position; the utmost attainable place.
      to be at the top of one's class, or at the top of the school
  4. (BDSM) A dominant partner in a BDSM relationship or roleplay.
    Synonyms: dom (usually male), domme (female)
    Antonyms: bottom, sub
  5. (LGBT, slang) A man penetrating or with a preference for penetrating during homosexual intercourse.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:male homosexual
    Antonyms: see Thesaurus:male homosexual
    I prefer being a top, and my boyfriend prefers being a bottom.
  6. (physics) A top quark.
  7. The utmost degree; the acme; the summit.
  8. (ropemaking) A plug, or conical block of wood, with longitudinal grooves on its surface, in which the strands of the rope slide in the process of twisting.
  9. (sound) Highest pitch or loudest volume.
    She sang at the top of her voice.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 7, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      I made a speaking trumpet of my hands and commenced to whoop “Ahoy!” and “Hello!” at the top of my lungs. [] The Colonel woke up, and, after asking what in brimstone was the matter, opened his mouth and roared “Hi!” and “Hello!” like the bull of Bashan.
  10. (wool manufacture) A bundle or ball of slivers of combed wool, from which the noils, or dust, have been taken out.
  11. (obsolete, except in one sense of phrase on top of) Eve; verge; point.
    • 1603, Richard Knolles, The Generall Historie of the Turkes
      Hee was upon the top of his marriage with Magdalaine.
  12. The part of a cut gem between the girdle, or circumference, and the table, or flat upper surface.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  13. (in the plural, slang, dated) Topboots.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Charles Dickens to this entry?)
  14. (golf) A stroke on the top of the ball.
  15. (golf) A forward spin given to the ball by hitting it on or near the top.
  16. (in restaurants, preceded by a number) (A table at which there is, or which has enough seats for) a group of a specified number of people eating at a restaurant.
    • 2014, Jamey Glasnovic, Lost and Found: Adrift in the Canadian Rockies, →ISBN, page 144:
      [] but with only three other tables on the patio apart from myself – two three-tops and a five-top – it's hard to imagine what the holdup is.
    • 2015, Jeff Benjamin, Front of the House: Restaurant Manners, Misbehaviors & Secrets, →ISBN:
      It is uncanny how a server can stand in front of a ten top, without the safety net of pen and paper, and remember every item ordered by each guest including salads, []

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

top (third-person singular simple present tops, present participle topping, simple past and past participle topped)

  1. To cover on the top or with a top.
    I like my ice cream topped with chocolate sauce.
  2. To cut or remove the top (as of a tree)
    I don't want to be bald, so just top my hair.
    Top and tail the carrots.
    • 2003, Dan Prendergast, Erin Prendergast, The Tree Doctor: A Guide to Tree Care and Maintenance, →ISBN, page 78:
      Topping depletes the tree of stored energy reserves and reduces the tree's ability to produce energy, as a large percentage of the leaves are removed.
  3. To excel, to surpass, to beat.
    Synonyms: beat, better, best, exceed; see also Thesaurus:exceed
    Titanic was the most successful film ever until it was topped by another Cameron film, Avatar.
  4. To be in the lead, to be at number one position (of).
    Celine Dion topped the UK music charts twice in the 1990s.
    • 2013, Phil McNulty, "[2]", BBC Sport, 26 December 2013:
      Liverpool topped the table on Christmas Day and, after Arsenal's win at West Ham earlier on Boxing Day, would have returned to the top had they been the first team to beat City at home this season.
  5. (Britain, slang, reflexive) To commit suicide.
    Depression causes many people to top themselves.
  6. (Britain, slang, rare) To murder.
    Synonyms: kill, murder, slaughter, slay; see also Thesaurus:kill
  7. (BDSM) To be the dominant partner in a BDSM relationship or roleplay.
    I used to be a slave, but I ended up topping.
    Giving advice to the dominant partner on how to run the BDSM session is called "topping from the bottom".
  8. (slang, gay sexuality, intransitive) To be the partner who penetrates in anal sex.
  9. (slang, gay sexuality, transitive) To anally penetrate.
  10. (archaic) To rise aloft; to be eminent; to tower.
    lofty ridges and topping mountains
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Derham to this entry?)
  11. (archaic) To predominate.
    topping passions
  12. (archaic) To excel; to rise above others.
  13. (nautical) To raise one end of (a yard, etc.), making it higher than the other.
  14. (dyeing) To cover with another dye.
    to top aniline black with methyl violet to prevent greening
  15. To put a stiffening piece or back on (a saw blade).
  16. (slang, dated) To arrange (fruit, etc.) with the best on top.
  17. (of a horse) To strike the top of (an obstacle) with the hind feet while jumping, so as to gain new impetus.
  18. To improve (domestic animals, especially sheep) by crossing certain individuals or breeds with other superior breeds.
  19. To cut, break, or otherwise take off the top of (a steel ingot) to remove unsound metal.
  20. (golf) To strike (the ball) above the centre; also, to make (a stroke, etc.) by hitting the ball in this way.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

AdjectiveEdit

top (not comparable)

  1. Situated on the top of something.
  2. (informal) Best; of the highest quality or rank.
    She's in the top dance school.
  3. (informal) Very good, of high quality, power, or rank.
    He's a top lawyer.
    That is a top car.
    • 2018 July 31, Julia Carrie Wong, “What is QAnon? Explaining the bizarre rightwing conspiracy theory”, in The Guardian[3]:
      In a thread called “Calm Before the Storm”, and in subsequent posts, Q established his legend as a government insider with top security clearance who knew the truth about a secret struggle for power involving Donald Trump, the “deep state”, Robert Mueller, the Clintons, pedophile rings, and other stuff.

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AdverbEdit

top (not comparable)

  1. Rated first.
    She came top in her French exam.

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


AlbanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish طوپ(top).

NounEdit

top m (indefinite plural tope, definite singular topi, definite plural topet)

  1. ball
  2. (in the plural) slang for testicles

InflectionEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Turkish top.

NounEdit

top (definite accusative topu, plural toplar)

  1. ball
  2. cannon
  3. (chess) rook

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Chess pieces in Azerbaijani · şahmat fiquru (layout · text)
           
şah vəzir top fil at piyada

BaureEdit

NounEdit

top

  1. fog

Crimean TatarEdit

NounEdit

top

  1. ball
  2. lump
  3. cannon

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[4], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

top

  1. second-person singular imperative of topit

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse toppr, from Proto-Germanic *tuppaz.

NounEdit

top c (singular definite toppen, plural indefinite toppe)

  1. summit, peak
  2. hairpiece
  3. top (uppermost part, lid, cap, cover, garment worn to cover the torso, child’s spinning toy)

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch top, topp, from Old Dutch and Frankish *topp, *top, from Proto-West Germanic *topp.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

top

  1. (colloquial) great, very good

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

top m (plural toppen, diminutive topje n)

  1. top (uppermost part)
  2. (figurative) apex
  3. summit, peak (high point of a mountain)
  4. summit, assembly
  5. top (piece of women's clothing)

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

top

  1. (denominal) first-person singular present indicative of toppen

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English top.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

top m (plural tops)

  1. top; shirt or garment covering the upper body
  2. a signalling sound; beep

AdjectiveEdit

top (feminine singular toppe, masculine plural tops, feminine plural toppes)

  1. top; best; highest in rank; maximum
  2. excellent; brilliant
  3. (LGBT, slang) top (dominant in role)

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

AdverbEdit

top

  1. at most; maximum

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English top.

NounEdit

top m (invariable)

  1. (woman's dressing, garment) top

KurdishEdit

NounEdit

top f

  1. ball (object, generally spherical, used for playing games)
  2. cannon

LatvianEdit

VerbEdit

top

  1. 3rd person singular present indicative form of tapt
  2. 3rd person plural present indicative form of tapt
  3. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of tapt
  4. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of tapt

Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English topp, toppa, from Proto-Germanic *tuppaz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

top (plural toppes)

  1. The summit or top of something, especially a vertical object:
    1. The peak of a mountain or other landform.
    2. The roof or ceil of a house; the top of a fence.
    3. A lid or cap; a removable top or topping.
    4. The head, especially its top or the hair on its top.
  2. A small deck at the dop of a ship's sails.
  3. A cluster or bunch of fibres; a tassel.
  4. A top or whirligig (spinning toy)
  5. The start or introduction of something.
  6. (rare) The tip or end of something; that which something terminates in.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • English: top
  • Scots: tap

ReferencesEdit


Mopan MayaEdit

AdverbEdit

top

  1. very

ReferencesEdit

  • Hofling, Charles Andrew (2011). Mopan Maya–Spanish–English Dictionary, University of Utah Press.

Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Frankish *topp.

NounEdit

top m (oblique plural tos, nominative singular tos, nominative plural top)

  1. hair on top of one's head, forelock
  2. top, highest point
  3. tuft of flax placed on distaff
  4. top (ship)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

top m inan

  1. nautical top (the upper end of a mast)
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

VerbEdit

top

  1. second-person singular imperative of topić

Further readingEdit

  • top in Polish dictionaries at PWN



PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English top.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

top (invariable, comparable)

  1. (colloquial) top; excellent; very high-quality

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

top m (plural tops)

  1. top (garment worn to cover the torso)

Serbo-CroatianEdit

 
tȍp

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish طوپ(top).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tȍp m (Cyrillic spelling то̏п)

  1. cannon
  2. (chess) rook

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

Chess pieces in Serbo-Croatian · šahovske figure / шаховске фигуре (layout · text)
           
kralj
краљ
dama, kraljica
дама, краљица
top, kula
топ, кула
lovac, trkač, laufer
ловац, тркач, лауфер
skakač, konj
скакач, коњ
pješak, pešak, pion, pijun
пјешак, пешак, пион, пијун

SloveneEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *tǫpъ.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

tȍp (comparative bȍlj tȍp, superlative nȁjbolj tȍp)

  1. blunt
InflectionEdit
Hard
masculine feminine neuter
nom. sing. tòp tôpa tôpo
singular
masculine feminine neuter
nominative tòp ind
tôpi def
tôpa tôpo
accusative nominativeinan or
genitive
anim
tôpo tôpo
genitive tôpega tôpe tôpega
dative tôpemu tôpi tôpemu
locative tôpem tôpi tôpem
instrumental tôpim tôpo tôpim
dual
masculine feminine neuter
nominative tôpa tôpi tôpi
accusative tôpa tôpi tôpi
genitive tôpih tôpih tôpih
dative tôpima tôpima tôpima
locative tôpih tôpih tôpih
instrumental tôpima tôpima tôpima
plural
masculine feminine neuter
nominative tôpi tôpe tôpa
accusative tôpe tôpe tôpa
genitive tôpih tôpih tôpih
dative tôpim tôpim tôpim
locative tôpih tôpih tôpih
instrumental tôpimi tôpimi tôpimi

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish طوپ(top).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tȍp m inan

  1. cannon
InflectionEdit
Masculine inan., hard o-stem, plural in -ôv-
nom. sing. tòp
gen. sing. tôpa
singular dual plural
nominative tòp topôva topôvi
accusative tòp topôva topôve
genitive tôpa topôv topôv
dative tôpu topôvoma topôvom
locative tôpu topôvih topôvih
instrumental tôpom topôvoma topôvi

Further readingEdit

  • top”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English top.

NounEdit

top m (plural tops)

  1. top (first positions of a ranking)
  2. top (female clothing)

AdjectiveEdit

top (plural tops)

  1. (proscribed) top (situated on the top of something)
    Synonym: mejor
  2. (proscribed) top (best; of the highest quality or rank)
    Synonym: el mejor
  3. (proscribed) top (very good, of high quality)
    Synonym: muy bueno

ReferencesEdit


TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish طوپ(top), from Proto-Turkic.

NounEdit

top (definite accusative topu, plural toplar)

  1. ball
  2. cannon
  3. (slang) gay

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative top
Definite accusative topu
Singular Plural
Nominative top toplar
Definite accusative topu topları
Dative topa toplara
Locative topta toplarda
Ablative toptan toplardan
Genitive topun topların

VolapükEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek τόπος (tópos, place).

NounEdit

top (nominative plural tops)

  1. place

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit