Old Armenian edit

Etymology edit

From *տիայր (*tiayr), from *տի- (*ti-, of the house) +‎ այր (ayr, man). The first component is also found in տի-կին (ti-kin) and տի-եզերք (ti-ezerkʿ) and is inherited from Proto-Indo-European *déms, the genitive of *dṓm (house).

Noun edit

տէր (tēr)

  1. master, lord
    տէր լինել, կալtēr linel, kalto be or become master of, to be lord over, to rule, to overcome, to master
  2. (capitalized) God, the Lord
    ով Տէրov TērLord! o Lord! good God! Heavens! goodness! good gracious!
    Տէր իմTēr imMy Lord
    յամի Տեառնyami Teaṙnin the year of our Lord, Anno Domini, A.D.
    յի՛ս տէրyís tēr(interjection) oh my Lord! I pray you my Lord! tell me my Lord!

Usage notes edit

  • Has four combining forms: տէր- (tēr-), տեր- (ter-), տիր- (tir-) and տեառն- (teaṙn-).
  • Often abbreviated as տր՟ (tr.) = տէր (tēr).

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Armenian: տեր (ter), տյարք (tyarkʿ) (learned), տյար (tyar)
  • Old Georgian: ტერება (ṭereba)

References edit

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “տէր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 401–403
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “տէր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Meillet, Antoine (1898), “Letto-Slavica”, in Mémoires de la Société de Linguistique de Paris (in French), volume 10, page 138 of 135–142
  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 671