- (Received Pronunciation, Geordie) IPA(key): /ˈmɑːstə/
- (Northern England) IPA(key): /ˈmastə/
- (General American) enPR: măsʹtər, IPA(key): /ˈmæstɚ/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɑːstə(ɹ), -æstə(ɹ)
- Hyphenation: mas‧ter
From Middle English maister, mayster, meister, from Old English mǣster, mæġster, mæġester, mæġister, magister (“master”), from Latin magister (“chief, teacher, leader”), from Old Latin magester, from Proto-Indo-European *méǵh₂s, (as in magnus (“great”)) + -ester/-ister (compare minister (“servant”)). Reinforced by Old French maistre, mestre from the same Latin source. Compare also Saterland Frisian Mäster (“master”), West Frisian master (“master”), Dutch meester (“master”), German Meister (“master”). Doublet of maestro and magister.
- mester (dialectal), mister (dialectal)
- mastre (obsolete)
- Massa, massa, massah, masta, Mastah, mastah, mastuh (eye dialect)
- Someone who has control over something or someone.
- 1881, Benjamin Jowett, Thucydides
- We are masters of the sea.
- 1671, John Milton, “Samson Agonistes, […]”, in Paradise Regain’d. A Poem. In IV Books. To which is Added, Samson Agonistes, London: […] J. M[acock] for John Starkey […], OCLC 228732398, lines 415–420, page 83:
- Maſters commands come with a power reſiſtleſs / To ſuch as owe them abſolute ſubjection; / And for a life who will not change his purpoſe? / (So mutable are all the ways of men) / Yet this be ſure, in nothing to comply / Scandalous or forbidden in our Law.
- 1712 November 24, Joseph Addison; Richard Steele, “THURSDAY, November 13, 1712 [Julian calendar]”, in The Spectator, number 535; republished in Alexander Chalmers, editor, The Spectator; a New Edition, […], volume VI, New York, N.Y.: D[aniel] Appleton & Company, 1853, OCLC 191120697, page 97:
- When I have thus made myself master of a hundred thousand drachmas […] .
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter IV, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., OCLC 222716698, pages 58–59:
- The Celebrity, by arts unknown, induced Mrs. Judge Short and two other ladies to call at Mohair on a certain afternoon when Mr. Cooke was trying a trotter on the track. […] Their example was followed by others at a time when the master of Mohair was superintending in person the docking of some two-year-olds, and equally invisible.
- 1881, Benjamin Jowett, Thucydides
- The owner of an animal or slave.
- (nautical) The captain of a merchant ship; a master mariner.
- (dated) The head of a household.
- Someone who employs others.
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter IV, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., OCLC 222716698, page 46:
- No matter how early I came down, I would find him on the veranda, smoking cigarettes, or otherwise his man would be there with a message to say that his master would shortly join me if I would kindly wait.
- An expert at something.
- Mark Twain was a master of fiction.
- Synonyms: see Thesaurus:skilled person
- 1843 July, [Thomas Babington Macaulay], “Art. VII—The Life of Joseph Addison. By Lucy Aikin.”, in The Edinburgh Review, number CLVII, page 231:
- But that which chiefly distinguishes Addison from Swift, from Voltaire, from almost all the other great masters of ridicule, is the grace, the nobleness, the moral purity, which we find even in his merriment.
- 1693, [John Locke], “§189”, in Some Thoughts Concerning Education, London: […] A[wnsham] and J[ohn] Churchill, […], OCLC 1161614482:
- No care is taken to improve young men in their own language, that they may thoroughly understand and be masters of it.
- A tradesman who is qualified to teach apprentices.
- (dated) A schoolmaster.
- A skilled artist.
- (dated) A man or a boy; mister. See Master.
- A master's degree; a type of postgraduate degree, usually undertaken after a bachelor degree.
- A person holding such a degree.
- He is a master of marine biology.
- The original of a document or of a recording.
- The band couldn't find the master, so they re-recorded their tracks.
- (film) The primary wide shot of a scene, into which the closeups will be edited later.
- (law) A parajudicial officer (such as a referee, an auditor, an examiner, or an assessor) specially appointed to help a court with its proceedings.
- The case was tried by a master, who concluded that the plaintiffs were the equitable owners of the property. […]
- (engineering, computing) A device that is controlling other devices or is an authoritative source.
- (freemasonry) A person holding an office of authority, especially the presiding officer.
- (by extension) A person holding a similar office in other civic societies.
- mistress (feminine-specific form)
- ballet master
- chess master
- dancing master's kit
- drill master/drillmaster
- dungeon master
- games master/games-master
- Grand Master/grandmaster
- harbor master/harbor-master/harbormaster
- house master/housemaster
- jack of all trades, master of none
- master bedroom
- master bricklayer
- master builder
- master card
- master cast
- master class
- master copy
- master cylinder
- master file
- master gland
- master key
- master mariner
- master mason
- Master of Arts
- master of ceremonies
- Master of Science
- master plan/master-plan/masterplan
- master race
- master sergeant
- master status
- master tradesman
- master trust
- metal master
- old master
- past master
- property master
- puppet master/puppet-master/puppetmaster
- question master/question-master/questionmaster
- rattlesnake master
- roaming master
- wreck master/wreck-master/wreckmaster
- mistress (feminine form of "master")
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
master (not comparable)
- a master performance
- Main, principal or predominant.
- Highly skilled.
- master batsman
- master copy
- (intransitive) To be a master.
- (transitive) To become the master of; to subject to one's will, control, or authority; to conquer; to overpower; to subdue.
- 1693, [John Locke], “(please specify the section number)”, in Some Thoughts Concerning Education, London: […] A[wnsham] and J[ohn] Churchill, […], OCLC 1161614482:
- Obstinacy and willful neglects must be mastered, even though it cost blows.
- 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4
- Then Elzevir cried out angrily, 'Silence. Are you mad, or has the liquor mastered you? Are you Revenue-men that you dare shout and roister? or contrabandiers with the lugger in the offing, and your life in your hand. You make noise enough to wake folk in Moonfleet from their beds.'
- (transitive) To learn to a high degree of proficiency.
- It took her years to master the art of needlecraft.
- (transitive, obsolete) To own; to possess.
- c. 1596–1598, William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene i], page 183, column 2:
- […] the wealth / That the world maſters.
- (transitive, especially of a musical performance) To make a master copy of.
- (intransitive, usually with in) To earn a Master's degree.
- He mastered in English at the state college.
master (plural masters)
- 'maters, Amster, METARs, Stream, armest, armets, mastre, maters, matres, metras, ramets, ramset, remast, stream, tamers, tremas, trémas
|Inflection of master (Kotus type 6/paperi, no gradation)|
|Possessive forms of master (type paperi)|
master m (plural masters)
- “master” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
From Dutch master, from English master, from Middle English maister, mayster, meister, from Old English mǣster, mæġster, mæġester, mæġister, magister (“master”), from Latin magister (“chief, teacher, leader”), from Old Latin magester, from Proto-Indo-European *méǵh₂s, (as in magnus (“great”)) + -ester/-ister (compare minister (“servant”)). Doublet of magister and mester.
- “master” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.
master m or f
- a master's degree
- a master's thesis
- a person that has a master's degree
- original document or recording
- “master” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
- Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN, page 28
- indefinite plural of mast
- “master”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011