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HebrewEdit

Root
א־ל־הּ

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Proto-Northwest-Semitic *ʾlh, a form of Proto-Semitic *ʾil-, whence also אל. Cognate with Phoenician 𐤀𐤋𐤌, Aramaic אלהא and איל, Akkadian 𒀭, Arabic اله and الله, and Ugaritic 𐎛𐎍.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

אלוהים \ אֱלֹהִים (elohím)

  1. plural indefinite of אֱלוֹהַּ (elóah)

NounEdit

אֱלוֹהִים \ אֱלֹהִים (elohímm (singular construct אלוהי \ אֱלֹהֵי־)

  1. A god.
  2. An officer, judge, or the like.[1]

Usage notesEdit

  • This word is sometimes grammatically plural and sometimes singular.

DeclensionEdit

Proper nounEdit

אֱלוֹהִים \ אֱלֹהִים (elohímm (singular construct אלוהי \ אֱלֹהֵי־)

  1. God: the God of Israel.

Usage notesEdit

  • This word is sometimes grammatically plural and sometimes singular.
  • In traditional vocalization, the א is elided when a prefixed clitic is added. Thus, “to God” is לֵאלֹהִים (lelohím) rather than לֶאֱלֹהִים (le'elohím).
  • Observant Jews, outside of prayer, may prefer to write and say אֱלוֹקִים (elokím), so as not to abuse the name of God.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Commentaries of Rashi and ibn Ezra (inter alia) to Exodus 4:16 and 21:6