اللهم

ArabicEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

Extended form of اَللّٰه(allāh). The origin of the مّ (mm) is unknown. Theories include a connection with مَا(), or a borrowing from Hebrew אלוהים(elohim), where the final -m is a majestic plural ending. The form is first attested in the Quran (3:26, 5:114, 8:32, 10:10, 39:46).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ʔaɫ.ɫaː.hum.ma/

InterjectionEdit

اَللّٰهُمَّ (allāhumma)

  1. O God; vocative form of اَللّٰه(allāh) used in invocations, oaths, etc.
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 3:26:
      قُلِ ٱللّٰهُمَّ مَالِكَ ٱلْمُلْكِ تُؤْتِي ٱلْمُلْكَ مَنْ تَشَاءُ وَتَنْزِعُ ٱلْمُلْكَ مِمَّنْ تَشَاءُ وَتُعِزُّ مَنْ تَشَاءُ وَتُذِلُّ مَنْ تَشَاءُ بِيَدِكَ ٱلْخَيْرُ إِنَّكَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ
      quli llāhumma mālika l-mulki tuʾtī l-mulka man tašāʾu wa-tanziʿu l-mulka mimman tašāʾu wa-tuʿizzu man tašāʾu wa-tuḏillu man tašāʾu bi-yadika l-ḵayru ʾinnaka ʿalā kulli šayʾin qadīrun
      O God, Lord of all dominion! Thou grantest dominion unto whom Thou willest, and takest away dominion from whom Thou willest and abasest whom Thou willest. In Thy hand is all good. Verily, Thou hast the power to will anything.
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 8:32:
      وَإِذْ قَالُوا ٱللّٰهُمَّ إِنْ كَانَ هٰذَا هُوَ ٱلْحَقَّ مِنْ عِنْدِكَ فَأَمْطِرْ عَلَيْنَا حِجَارَةً مِنَ ٱلسَّمَاءِ أَوِ ٱئْتِنَا بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ
      wa-ʾiḏ qālū llāhumma ʾin kāna hāḏā huwa l-ḥaqqa min ʿindika fa-ʾamṭir ʿalaynā ḥijāratan mina s-samāʾi ʾawi ʾtinā bi-ʿaḏābin ʾalīmin
      And, lo, they would say, "O God! If this be indeed the truth from Thee, then rain down upon us stones from the skies, or inflict grievous suffering on us!"

Related termsEdit