English edit

Etymology edit

The Vedic god Indra (sense 1) on his mount Airavata.
A statue depicting Zeus, a Greek god (sense 1).
A Neopagan altar in Björkö, Sweden; the larger wooden figure represents the Norse god Frey (sense 1).

From Middle English god, from Old English god, originally neuter, then changed to masculine to reflect the change in religion to Christianity, from Proto-West Germanic *god n, from Proto-Germanic *gudą, from *ǵʰutóm, neuter/inanimate of Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰutós (invoked (one)), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰewH- (to call, to invoke) or *ǵʰew- (to pour). Not related to the word good or Persianخدا(xodâ, god).

Cognates include Russian звать (zvatʹ, to call), Sanskrit होत्र (hotra, calling, oblation, sacrifice) and Latin fūtilis (easily pours out, leaky) (whence English futile). Doublet of futile.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

god (plural gods)

  1. A deity or supreme being; a supernatural, typically immortal, being with superior powers, to which personhood is attributed.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:god
    The most frequently used name for the Islamic god is Allah.
    • 2002, Chuck Palahniuk, Lullaby:
      When ancient Greeks had a thought, it occurred to them as a god or goddess giving an order. Apollo was telling them to be brave. Athena was telling them to fall in love.
  2. An idol.
    1. A representation of a deity, especially a statue or statuette.
    2. (figurative) Something or someone particularly revered, worshipped, idealized, admired and/or followed.
      Leo Messi is my god!
  3. (figurative) A person in a very high position of authority, importance or influence; a powerful ruler or tyrant.
    • 1959, Percy E. Corbett, Law in Diplomacy, page 105:
      In 1951 Stalin was a god and the official tone towards the West was one of total antagonism.
  4. (figurative, informal) A person who is exceptionally skilled in a particular activity.
    He is the god of soccer!
  5. (figurative, informal) An exceedingly handsome man.
    Lounging on the beach were several Greek gods.
  6. (Internet, roleplaying games) The person who owns and runs a multi-user dungeon.
    • 1996, Andy Eddy, Internet after hours:
      The gods usually have several wizards, or "immortals," to assist them in building the MUD.
    • 2003, David Lojek, Emote to the Max, page 11:
      The wizzes are only the junior grade of the MUD illuminati. The people who attain the senior grade of MUD freemasonry by starting their own MUD, with all due hubris, are known as gods.

Usage notes edit

The word god is often applied both to males and to females. The word was originally neuter in Proto-Germanic; monotheistic – notably Judeo-Christian – usage completely shifted the gender to masculine, necessitating the development of a feminine form, goddess. (In Old English the feminine gyden, as well as a more explicitly marked masculine goda, existed.)

Alternative forms edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Sranan Tongo: gado

Translations edit

Proper noun edit

god

  1. (often derogatory, also philosophy) Alternative letter-case form of God
    • 1530, William Tyndall, “An aunſwere vnto Syr Thomas Mores Dialogue”, in The whole workes of W. Tyndall [], published 1573, page 271:
      And ſuch is to beare yͤ names of god with croſſes betwene ech name about them.
    • 2005, Diane L. Gabriel, Angel of My Heart, →ISBN, page 46:
      “I say fuck it. Fuck god and fuck all the religions that praise him.”
    • 2010 [6th century], Boethius, translated by Andrew Smith, On Aristotle, On Interpretation 1–3, page 136:
      For if the necessity of events is bound up with god’s knowledge, if there is no necessity in events, the divine knowledge is abolished. And whose mind is so distorted by such an impious idea that he would dare to say this of god?
    • 2012, Penn Jillette, God, No!: Signs You May Already Be an Atheist and Other Magical Tales, →ISBN, page 77:
      If I ask you if you believe in god, I just want to know if you have an imaginary omnipotent friend who you really believe lives outside of you in the real world.
    • 2016, Andrew Sneddon, A is for Atheist: An A to Z of the Godfree Life[1], →ISBN:
      Perhaps what is needed is just the right attitude: one’s heart should be open to god in order to hear his messages. [] It does not matter: such claims only prove my point about the communicative shortcomings of so-called divine signs.
    • 2017, Myrto Hatzimichali, “Stoicism and Platonism in ‘Arius Didymus’”, in Troels Engberg-Pedersen, editor, From Stoicism to Platonism: The Development of Philosophy, 100 BCE–100 CE, →ISBN, page 91:
      This is the formulation of the moral end as ‘assimilation to god’, which would become standard in later Platonism.

Verb edit

god (third-person singular simple present gods, present participle godding, simple past and past participle godded)

  1. (transitive) To idolize.
    • 1608, William Shakespeare, The Tragedy of Coriolanus, act V, scene III:
      CORIOLANUS: This last old man, / Whom with a crack'd heart I have sent to Rome, / Loved me above the measure of a father; / Nay, godded me, indeed.
    • a. 1866, Edward Bulwer Lytton, "Death and Sisyphus".
      To men the first necessity is gods; / And if the gods were not, / " Man would invent them, tho' they godded stones.
    • 2001, Conrad C. Fink, Sportswriting: The Lively Game, page 78:
      "Godded him up" ... It's the fear of discerning journalists: Does coverage of athletic stars, on field and off, approach beatification of the living?
  2. (transitive) To deify.
    • 1595, Edmund Spenser, Colin Clouts Come Home Againe:
      Then got he bow and shafts of gold and lead, / In which so fell and puissant he grew, / That Jove himselfe his powre began to dread, / And, taking up to heaven, him godded new.
    • 1951, Eric Voegelin, Dante Germino ed., The New Science of Politics: An Introduction, published 1987, page 125:
      The superman marks the end of a road on which we find such figures as the "godded man" of English Reformation mystics
    • 1956, C. S. Lewis, Fritz Eichenberg, Till We Have Faces: A Myth Retold, page 241:
      "She is so lately godded that she is still a rather poor goddess, Stranger.["]

Translations edit

See also edit

References edit

  • Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967
  • Bosworth, Toller, "An Anglo Saxon Dictionary": http://bosworth.ff.cuni.cz/017298

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Danish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Danish gōþær, gothær, from Old Norse góðr (good), from Proto-Germanic *gōdaz. Cognate with English good and German gut.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡ̊oˀð], [ˈɡ̊oðˀ], [ˈɡ̊oˀ]
  • Rhymes: -oð
  • (file)

Adjective edit

god (neuter godt, plural and definite singular attributive gode, comparative bedre, superlative (predicative) bedst, superlative (attributive) bedste)

  1. good

References edit

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Dutch god, from Old Dutch got, from Proto-West Germanic *god, from Proto-Germanic *gudą, from the Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰutós (invoked (one)). Compare English and West Frisian god, German Gott, Danish gud.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

god m (plural goden, diminutive godje n, feminine godin)

  1. god, deity

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Gothic edit

Romanization edit

gōd

  1. Romanization of 𐌲𐍉𐌳

Low German edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Low German gôt, from Old Saxon gōd, from Proto-Germanic *gōdaz.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ɡoʊt/, /ɣɔʊt/, /ɣoʊt/

Adjective edit

god

  1. (in some dialects) good (alternative spelling of goot)

Usage notes edit

  • The comparative is bäter and the superlative is best.

Lower Sorbian edit

Noun edit

god

  1. Superseded spelling of gód.

Middle Dutch edit

Noun edit

god m

  1. Alternative spelling of got

Middle English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old English god, from Proto-West Germanic *god, from Proto-Germanic *gudą, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰutós.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

god (plural goddes, genitive goddes)

  1. A god or deity; a divine individual.
  2. A person worshipped as a divinity.
Descendants edit

Proper noun edit

god (genitive goddes, uncountable)

  1. God (the deity of Abrahamic religions, especially the Christian God, considered to be Jesus Christ)
    • c. 1395, John Wycliffe, John Purvey [et al.], transl., Bible (Wycliffite Bible (later version), MS Lich 10.)‎[2], published c. 1410, Apocalips 4:5, page 118v, column 1; republished as Wycliffe's translation of the New Testament, Lichfield: Bill Endres, 2010:
      ⁊ leıtıs ⁊ voıces ⁊ þundꝛıngıs camen out of þe troone. ⁊ ſeuene lau[m]pıs bꝛe[n]nynge bıfoꝛe þe troone.· whıche ben þe ſeuene ſpırıtıs of god
      And lightning, sounds, and thunder came out of the throne, and seven lamps were burning in front of the throne, which are the seven spirits of God.
    • a. 1450, The Creation and the Fall of Lucifer in The York Plays, as recorded c. 1463–1477 in British Museum MS. Additional 35290:
      I am gracyus and grete, god withoutyn begynnyng, / I am maker vnmade, all mighte es in me, / I am lyfe and way vnto welth-wynnyng, / I am formaste and fyrste, als I byd sall it be.
      I am gracious and great, God without beginning, / I am the unmade maker—all might is in me, / I am life and the way to the attainment of salvation, / I am foremost and first—as I command, it shall be.
Related terms edit
Descendants edit

References edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Old English gōd (good).

Adjective edit

god

  1. Alternative form of good

Middle Low German edit

Adjective edit

god

  1. Alternative spelling of gôt.

Noun edit

god

  1. Alternative spelling of got.
  2. Alternative spelling of gôt.

Navajo edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Athabaskan *-ɢᴜ̓t’.

Cognates:

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

-god (inalienable)

  1. knee

Derived terms edit

  • agod (someone’s knee)
  • hagod (one’s knee)
  • bigod (his/her/their knee)
  • shigod (my knee)

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse góðr, from Proto-Germanic *gōdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰedʰ- (to join, to unite).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ɡuː/, [ɡɯᵝː]

Adjective edit

god (neuter singular godt, definite singular and plural gode, comparative bedre, indefinite superlative best, definite superlative beste)

  1. good

Derived terms edit

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse góðr, from Proto-Germanic *gōdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰedʰ- (to join, to unite). Akin to English good.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

god (masculine and feminine god, neuter godt, definite singular and plural gode, comparative betre, indefinite superlative best, definite superlative beste)

  1. good
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Male given names:

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Norse goð.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

god ?

  1. god (only used in given names)
    Synonym: gud
Related terms edit

Male given names:

Female given names:

References edit

Old English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-West Germanic *gōd, from Proto-Germanic *gōdaz.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

gōd (comparative betera, superlative betest, adverb wel)

  1. good
Declension edit
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit

Noun edit

gōd n

  1. good (something good or good things collectively)
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-West Germanic *god, from Proto-Germanic *gudą. Originally neuter, then changed to masculine to reflect the change in religion to Christianity.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

god n or m

  1. a god
    • c. 1021, Wulfstan, Winchester Code of Cnut, article 5.1:
      Hǣðensċipe biþ þæt man dēofolġield weorðiġe, þæt is þæt man weorðiġe hǣðenu godu and sunnan oþþe mōnan, fȳr oþþe flōd, wæterwiellas oþþe stānas oþþe ǣniġes cynnes wudutreowu, oþþe wiċċecræft lufiġe oþþe morðweorc ġefremme on ǣniġe wisan, oþþe on blōte oþþe frihte, oþþe swelcra gedwimera ǣniġ þing drēoge.
      Worshiping idols is a kind of paganism, whether one worships heathen gods and the sun or the moon, or fire or flood, or wells or stones or any kind of forest trees, or if one loves witchcraft or commits murder in any way, either by sacrifice or by divination, or takes any part in similar delusions.
Declension edit
neuter
masculine
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit

Proper noun edit

god m

  1. Alternative letter-case form of God.
Declension edit
Descendants edit

Old Frisian edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-West Germanic *gōd.

Pronunciation edit

  • (13th CE) IPA(key): [ɡoːd]
  • Hyphenation: god

Adjective edit

gōd

  1. good
Declension edit
Descendants edit
  • North Frisian:
    Föhr-Amrum: gud
    Sylt: gur
  • Saterland Frisian: goud
  • West Frisian: goed

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-West Germanic *god.

Pronunciation edit

  • (13th CE) IPA(key): [ɡod]
  • Hyphenation: god

Noun edit

god m

  1. god
  2. (Christianity) God
    • c. 1485, Freeska Landriucht [The Law of the Frisian Land]‎[3], page 1:
      THer era godes ſynre liauer moder Maria alle des himelſche heerſchipes.
      In honour of god, his mother Mary, all the heavenly hosts.
Declension edit
Declension of god (masculine consonant stem)
singular plural
nominative god god
genitive godes goda
dative gode godum, godem
accusative god god
Descendants edit
  • North Frisian:
    • Föhr-Amrum: God
  • Saterland Frisian: God
  • West Frisian: god, God

References edit

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN, page 197

Old Saxon edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-West Germanic *gōd, from Proto-Germanic *gōdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰedʰ- (to join, to unite).

Compare Old English gōd, Old Frisian gōd, Old High German guot, Old Dutch guot, Old Norse góðr.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

gōd (comparative betiro, superlative betst)

  1. good
    • Heliand, verse 363
      Davides thes gōdon
      David the Good
Declension edit


Descendants edit
  • Middle Low German: gôt
    • German Low German: good
    • Low German: goot

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-West Germanic *gōd, from Proto-Germanic *gōdaz.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gōd n

  1. goodness, benefit
    • Heliand, verse 1456
      dōt im gōdes filu
      They gave to them loads of goods
Declension edit


Descendants edit
  • Middle Low German: gôt
    • German Low German: Good
    • Low German: Goot

Etymology 3 edit

From Proto-West Germanic *god, from Proto-Germanic *gudą, from the Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰutós (invoked (one)). Compare Old English god, Old Frisian god, Old High German got, Old Norse guð.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

god n

  1. god
    • Heliand, verse 326
      godes ēgan barn
      God's own child
Declension edit


Descendants edit
  • Middle Low German: got

Etymology 4 edit

From Proto-West Germanic *god, from Proto-Germanic *gudą.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

god m

  1. God, the Christian god
    • Heliand, verse 11
      thia habdon maht godes helpa fan himila
      They had the power by the help of God in the heavens
Declension edit


Descendants edit
  • Middle Low German: got

Romansch edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Of probable Germanic origin (compare German Wald, Dutch woud, English wold).

Noun edit

god m (plural gods)

  1. (Puter, Vallader) forest

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *godъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *gadás, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰedʰ-. Cognate with Slovene god, Old Church Slavonic годъ (godŭ), Russian год (god).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gȏd m (Cyrillic spelling го̑д)

  1. name day
  2. anniversary, holiday
  3. ring (on a tree)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Particle edit

god (Cyrillic spelling год)

  1. generalization particle
    (t)ko godwhoever
    što godwhatever
    gdje godwherever
    koji godwhichever
    Uzmi koji god hoćeš!Take whichever you want!
    kad godwhenever
    čiji godwhoever's
    kako godin whichever way
    kakav godof whatever kind
    koliki godof whichever size
    koliko godno matter how much/many

Slovene edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *godъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *gadás, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰedʰ-. Cognate with Serbo-Croatian god, Old Church Slavonic годъ (godŭ).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gọ̑d m inan

  1. name day
    Synonyms: godovni dan, godovno, imendan
  2. name day celebration
    Synonym: godovanje
  3. (obsolete) anniversary[→SSKJ]
    Synonym: obletnica

Declension edit

First masculine declension (hard o-stem, inanimate, -ov- infix), long mixed accent, ending -u in genitive singular
nom. sing. gọ̑d
gen. sing. godȗ
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
gọ̑d godȏva godȏvi
genitive
rodȋlnik
godȗ godóv godóv
dative
dajȃlnik
gọ̑du, gọ̑di godȏvoma, godȏvama godȏvom, gọ̑dȏvam
accusative
tožȋlnik
gọ̑d godȏva godȏve
locative
mẹ̑stnik
gọ̑du, gọ̑di godȏvih godȏvih
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
gọ̑dom godȏvoma, godȏvama godȏvi
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
gọ̑d godȏva godȏvi



First masculine declension (hard o-stem, inanimate, -ov- infix), fixed accent
nom. sing. gọ̑d
gen. sing. gọ̑da
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
gọ̑d godȏva godȏvi
genitive
rodȋlnik
gọ̑da godóv godóv
dative
dajȃlnik
gọ̑du, gọ̑di godȏvoma, godȏvama godȏvom, gọ̑dȏvam
accusative
tožȋlnik
gọ̑d godȏva godȏve
locative
mẹ̑stnik
gọ̑du, gọ̑di godȏvih godȏvih
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
gọ̑dom godȏvoma, godȏvama godȏvi
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
gọ̑d godȏva godȏvi


Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • god”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran
  • god”, in Termania, Amebis
  • See also the general references

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English god. Compare with god tier.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡod/ [ˈɡoð̞]
  • Rhymes: -od
  • Syllabification: god

Adjective edit

god m or f (masculine and feminine plural godes)

  1. (Internet slang) fire; cool, amazing; excellent
    Synonym: genial
    Esta película es god.
    This movie is fire.

Swedish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Swedish gōþer, from Old Norse góðr, from Proto-Germanic *gōdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰedʰ- (to join, to unite).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ɡuːd/, (colloquial) /ɡuː/
  • (file)

Adjective edit

god (comparative godare or bättre, superlative godast or bäst)

  1. good, morally commendable
    en god människa
    a good person
    en god gärning
    a good deed
    att vilja göra gott (nominalized)
    to want to do good
    en god hustru
    a good wife (could also be considered to belong to other senses)
  2. tasty, good (tasting good)
    Synonyms: välsmakande, (colloquial) go
    Är maten god?
    Is the food good? (The intuition in Swedish is closer to "tasty" than "good," as "god" is the regular word for "tasty," though both translations often work)
    Mums! Gott!
    Yum! Tasty!
    Kebabsåsen var jättegod
    The kebab sauce was really tasty / delicious
  3. good (having pleasing qualities)
    goda nyheter
    good news ("bra" is less idiomatic)
    ett gott råd
    a piece of good advice ("bra" is unidiomatic)
    vara i god form
    be in good form (currently perform well – interchangeable with "bra")
  4. good, proficient
    en god berättare
    a good story-teller ("bra" is less idiomatic)
    en god skytt
    a good shot (someone with good aim, etc. – "bra" is also common)
  5. quite large in extent or degree, good, goodly
    Synonym: (often) bra
    vinna med god marginal
    win by a wide/good margin ("bra" is unidiomatic)
    Det är en god bit kvar att gå
    It's quite some ways left to go (interchangeable with "bra")
    Jag har god lust att anmäla dom
    I'm quite tempted to report them ("bra" is less idiomatic)
  6. good (of friends and the like)
    De är goda vänner
    They are good friends (with each other – "bra" brings the intuition closer to "both of them is a good friend")

Usage notes edit

In cases where god and bra are idiomatically interchangeable, god often sounds a bit old-fashioned.

Declension edit

Inflection of god
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular god godare godast
Neuter singular gott godare godast
Plural goda godare godast
Masculine plural3 gode godare godast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 gode godare godaste
All goda godare godaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic
Inflection of god
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular god bättre bäst
Neuter singular gott bättre bäst
Plural goda bättre bäst
Masculine plural3 goda bättre bäst
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 gode bättre bäste
All goda bättre bästa
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic

Antonyms edit

Derived terms edit

See also edit

References edit

Anagrams edit

West Frisian edit

Etymology edit

From Old Frisian god, from Proto-West Germanic *god, from Proto-Germanic *gudą, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰutós.

Noun edit

god c (plural goaden, diminutive godsje)

  1. god, deity

Further reading edit

  • God”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011