HebrewEdit

EtymologyEdit

Root
מ־ר־ד

From the root מ־ר־ד(m-r-d), from Proto-Semitic *marad- (to fortify, to set up resistance; to escape, to find a means to get away; to leave one's people, to branch off or split from a group). Cognate with Aramaic מִרְדָּא(mirdā), Classical Syriac ܡܪܕܐ(merdā), Classical Mandaic ࡌࡉࡓࡃࡀ (MYRDʾ) and Arabic تَمَرَّدَ(tamarrada).

NounEdit

מֶרֶד (méredm (plural indefinite מְרָדִים‎, singular construct מֶרֶד־) [pattern: קֶטֶל]

  1. a rebellion, insurrection, mutiny, an uprising

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VerbEdit

מָרַד (marád) (pa'al construction, future ימרוד \ יִמְרֹד‎)

  1. To revolt, to rebel against, to resist, to become defiant towards an entity.
    • c. 538–330 B.C.E., Genesis 14:4, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      שְׁתֵּים עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה עָבְדוּ אֶת־כְּדָרְלָעֹמֶר וּשְׁלֹשׁ־עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה מָרָֽדוּ׃‎‎
      Twelve years they served Chedorlaomer, and in the thirteenth year they rebelled.

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