اسفند

PersianEdit

 
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Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

A contraction of اسفندارمذ , اسفندارمزد , from Middle Persian spndrmt’ (Spandarmad, literally holy thought); name of the fourth Amahraspand (divine deity) in Zoroastrianism and a Goddess. Compare Old Armenian սանդարամետ (sandaramet), սպանդարամետ (spandaramet), Iranian borrowings.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Dari Persian اسفند
Iranian Persian
Tajik Исфанд (Isfand)

اسفند (esfand)

  1. Esfand, the twelfth month of the solar Persian calendar.
  2. Name of the fifth day of any month of the solar Persian calendar.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Persian [script needed] (spand), ultimately from Proto-Iranian *cwantaH (holy) (compare Avestan 𐬯𐬞𐬆𐬧𐬙𐬀(spəṇta, holy), because the plant is used in fumigation against evil eye. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwen-.

NounEdit

اسفند (esfand)

  1. wild rue

DescendantsEdit

  • Ottoman Turkish: اسفند