Contents

ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Uncertain. Not a Classical Arabic word. Possible etymologies:

  • From بَرُود ‎(barūd, a soothing collyrium (kuhl) used for inflammation of the eye; any powdery collyrium). The sound change a > ā has also been found in the words غَاسُول ‎(ḡāsūl) and فَاسُوخ ‎(fāsūḵ) in Maghrebi Arabic; see Colin (page 1057a) for more discussion.
  • Via Aramaic from Armenian վառօդ ‎(vaṙōd, gunpowder), but according to Ačaṙyan the latter is a reshaping of բարութ ‎(barutʿ) by popular etymology as վառ ‎(vaṙ, burning) + օդ ‎(ōd, air) and its earliest attestation is in the 18th century.

NounEdit

بَارُود ‎(bārūdm

  1. saltpetre
  2. gunpowder

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • G. S. Colin, "Bārūd", Encyclopaedia of Islam, vol. 1, A-B, Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1986, ISBN 90-04-08114-3, pages 1055–1057
  • Budagov, Lazarʹ (1869) Sravnitelʹnyj slovarʹ turecko-tatarskix narěčij [Comparative Dictionary of Turko-Tatar Dialects] (in Russian), volume I, Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, page 224a
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “բարութ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, page 428b

PersianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

بارود ‎(bârud)

  1. (archaic) Alternative form of باروت

UrduEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic بَارُود ‎(bārūd).

NounEdit

بارود ‎(bārūdf ‎(Hindi spelling बारूद)

  1. gunpowder
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