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Wiktionary:Urdu transliteration

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These are the rules concerning transliteration in Urdu entries. The tables below show the conversion of text in the Urdu language alphabet for alphabet.

ConsonantsEdit

No. Letter Name of letter Transcription IPA
1 ا، آ ʾalif ā, ', – /ɑː, ʔ, ∅/ obsolete or nonstandard characters (∅), invalid IPA characters (∅)
2 ب be b /b/
3 پ pe p /p/
4 ت te t /t̪/
5 ٹ ṭe /ʈ/
6 ث se s /s/
7 ج jīm j /d͡ʒ/
8 چ ce c /t͡ʃ/
9 ح baṛī he h /h, ɦ/
10 خ xe x /x/
11 د dāl d /d̪/
12 ڈ ḍāl /ɖ/
13 ذ zāl z /z/
14 ر re r /r/
15 ڑ ṛe /ɽ/
16 ز zz z /z/
17 ژ že ž /ʒ/
18 س sīn s /s/
19 ش śīn ś /ʃ/
20 ص su'ād s /s/
21 ض zu'ād z /z/
22 ط to'e t /t/
23 ظ zo'e z /z/
24 ع ʿain ā, o, e, ', /ɑː, oː, eː, ʔ, ʕ, Ø/ obsolete or nonstandard characters (Ø), invalid IPA characters (Ø)
25 غ ġain ġ /ɣ/
26 ف fe f /f/
27 ق qāf q /q/
28 ک kāf k /k/
29 گ gāf g /ɡ/
30 ل lām l /l/
31 م mīm m /m/
32 ن nūn n /n, ɲ, ɳ, ŋ/
33 ں nūn ghunnah /◌̃/[1]
34 و va'o v, u, o, au, ū /ʋ, ʊ, oː, ɔː, uː/
35 ه، ـہ chōṭī hē h /h, ɦ/
36 ھ do caśmī he /ʰ/ or /ʱ/
37 ء hamzā ', – /ʔ/, /Ø/ obsolete or nonstandard characters (Ø), invalid IPA characters (Ø)
38 ی choṭī ye y, ī /j, iː/
39 ے baṛī ye ai, e /ɛː, eː/

VowelsEdit

Romanization Pronunciation Final Medial Initial
a /ə/      
ā /aː/      
i /ɪ/      
ī /iː/      
u /ʊ/      
ū /uː/      
e /eː/      
ai /ɛː/      
o /oː/      
au /ɔː/      

Short vowelsEdit

Vowel Name Transcription IPA
بَ zabar a /ə/
بِ zer i /ɪ/
بُ peś u /ʊ/