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Wiktionary:Urdu transliteration

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These are the rules concerning transliteration in Urdu entries. The tables below show the conversion of text in the Urdu language alphabet for alphabet.

ConsonantsEdit

No. Letter Name of letter Transcription IPA
1 ا، آ ʾalif ā, ', – /ɑː, ʔ, ∅/ obsolete or nonstandard characters (∅), invalid IPA characters (∅)
2 ب b /b/
3 پ p /p/
4 ت t /t̪/
5 ٹ ṭē /ʈ/
6 ث ṯē s /s/
7 ج jīm j /d͡ʒ/
8 چ c, č /t͡ʃ/
9 ح baṛī hē h /h, ɦ/
10 خ x /x/
11 د dāl d /d̪/
12 ڈ ḍāl /ɖ/
13 ذ ḏāl z /z/
14 ر r /r/
15 ڑ ṛē /ɽ/
16 ز z /z/
17 ژ źē ź, zh, ž /ʒ/
18 س sīn s /s/
19 ش śīn ś, š, sh /ʃ/
20 ص ṡu'ād s /s/
21 ض ḋu'ād z /z/
22 ط ṫō'ē t /t/
23 ظ żō'ē z /z/
24 ع ʿain ā, ō, ē, ', /ɑː, oː, eː, ʔ, ʕ, Ø/ obsolete or nonstandard characters (Ø), invalid IPA characters (Ø)
25 غ ġain ġ, ğ, gh /ɣ/
26 ف f /f/
27 ق qāf q /q/
28 ک kāf k /k/
29 گ gāf g /ɡ/
30 ل lām l /l/
31 م mīm m /m/
32 ن nūn n /n, ɲ, ɳ, ŋ/
33 و wā'ō w, u, ō, au, ū /ʋ, ʊ, oː, ɔː, uː/
34 ه، ـہ chōṭī hē h /h, ɦ/
35 ھ dō chashmī hē /ʰ/ or /ʱ/
36 ء hamzah ', – /ʔ/, /Ø/ obsolete or nonstandard characters (Ø), invalid IPA characters (Ø)
37 ی chōṭī yē y, ī /j, iː/
38 ے baṛī yē ai or ē /ɛː, eː/

VowelsEdit

Romanization Pronunciation Final Medial Initial
a /ə/      
ā /aː/      
i /ɪ/      
ī /iː/      
u /ʊ/      
ū /uː/      
ē /eː/      
ai /ɛː/      
ō /oː/      
au /ɔː/      

Short vowelsEdit

Vowel Name Transcription IPA
بَ zabar ba /ə/
بِ zer bi /ɪ/
بُ peś bu /ʊ/