Arabic edit

Etymology 1 edit

 
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Borrowed from Aramaic גְּרִיוָא (gəriwā), גְּרִיבָא (gəriḇā), ܓܪܝܻܒܳܐ (gəriḇā, a dry measure; a measure of land), from Imperial Aramaic 𐡂𐡓𐡉𐡅 (gryw), of Old Iranian origin, Middle Persian [script needed] (glyw' /⁠griw⁠/), Parthian [script needed] (gryw' /⁠griw⁠/), also found in Old Armenian գրիւ (griw), probably unrelated to the homonymous Iranian words for “neck; throat” but likely related to Proto-Indo-Iranian *grabʰ (to grab, to seize), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰrebʰ- (compare the Sanskrit root ग्रभ् (grabh)), if this is not the same word as treated under جِرَاب (jirāb) denoting a kind of bag, see there.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

جَرِيب (jarībm (plural جُرْبَان (jurbān) or جَرَائِب (jarāʔib) or أَجْرِبَة (ʔajriba) or جُرُوب (jurūb))

  1. a dry measure for grain, peck
  2. a division of cropland, a certain square measure varying between country and period, jerib, as much as can be sown from the grain measure
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

Diminutive of جِرَاب (jirāb, follis).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

جُرَيْب (juraybf (plural جُرَيْبَات (juraybāt))

  1. follicle
Declension edit

References edit

  • Abbott-Chicago, Nabia (1938) “Arabic Papyri of the Reign of Ǧaʿfar al-Mutawakkil 'ala-llah (A. H. 232–47/A. D. 847–61)”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, volume 92, page 117
  • Filippone, Ela (2017) “Middle Iranian grīw/γrīw: Possible Paths for Semantic Changes and Functional Shifts”, in Zur lichten Heimat. Studien zu Manichäismus, Iranistik und Zentralasienkunde im Gedenken an Werner Sundermann (IRANICA; 25), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, page 139 seqq.
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 130
  • Lane, Edward William (1863) “جريب”, in Arabic-English Lexicon[1], London: Williams & Norgate, page 403
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    Sundermann (2002) “GRĪW”, in Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition, New York