- 1 English
- 2 French
- 3 Middle English
- 4 Old French
- (uncountable) The harvested seeds of various grass food crops eg: wheat, corn, barley.
- We stored a thousand tons of grain for the winter.
- (uncountable) Similar seeds from any food crop, eg buckwheat, amaranth, quinoa.
- (countable) A single seed of grass food crops.
- a grain of wheat
- grains of oat
- (countable, uncountable) The crops from which grain is harvested.
- The fields were planted with grain.
- (uncountable) A linear texture of a material or surface.
- Cut along the grain of the wood.
- He doesn't like to shave against the grain.
- (countable) A single particle of a substance.
- a grain of sand
- a grain of salt
- (countable) A very small unit of weight, in England equal to 1/480 of an ounce troy, 0.0648 grams or, to be more exact, 64.79891 milligrams (0.002285714 avoirdupois ounce). A carat grain or pearl grain is 1/4 carat or 50 milligrams. The old French grain was 1/9216 livre or 53.11 milligrams, and in the mesures usuelles permitted from 1812 to 1839, with the livre redefined as 500 grams, it was 54.25 milligrams.
- (countable) A former unit of gold purity, also known as carat grain, equal to 1⁄4 "carat" (karat).
- (materials) A region within a material having a single crystal structure or direction.
- A reddish dye made from the coccus insect, or kermes; hence, a red color of any tint or hue, as crimson, scarlet, etc.; sometimes used by the poets as equivalent to Tyrian purple.
- The hair side of a piece of leather, or the marking on that side.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
- (in the plural) The remains of grain, etc., after brewing or distillation; hence, any residuum. Also called draff.
- (botany) A rounded prominence on the back of a sepal, as in the common dock.
- Temper; natural disposition; inclination.
- (photography, videography) Visual texture in processed photographic film due to the presence of small particles of a metallic silver, or dye clouds, developed from silver halide that have received enough photons.
single seed of grain
the crops from which grain is harvested
linear texture of material or surface
single particle of a substance
unit of weight
materials: region within a material having a single crystal structure or direction
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
- To feed grain to.
- (transitive) To make granular; to form into grains.
- (intransitive) To form grains, or to assume a granular form, as the result of crystallization; to granulate.
- To texture a surface in imitation of the grain of a substance such as wood.
- (tanning) To remove the hair or fat from a skin.
- (tanning) To soften leather.
- To yield fruit.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Gower to this entry?)
to make granular
to imitate the grain of wood
grain (plural grains)
- A branch of a tree; a stalk or stem of a plant.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of G. Douglas to this entry?)
- A tine, prong, or fork.
- One of the branches of a valley or river.
- An iron fish spear or harpoon, with a number of points half-barbed inwardly.
- 1770: Served 5 lb of fish per man which was caught by striking with grains — journal of Stephen Forwood (gunner on H.M. Bark Endeavour), 4 May 1770, quoted by Parkin (page 195).
- A blade of a sword, knife, etc.
- (founding) A thin piece of metal, used in a mould to steady a core.
- grain in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- grain in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
grain m (plural grains)
grain m (plural grains)
- “grain” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
- Alternative form of
- grain (edible part of a cereal plant)
- circa 1120, Philippe de Taon, Bestiaire, line 421:
- E quant grain ad truved de tuz maneres de bled
- When it [the ant] found grain of all manners of wheat