حصرم

ArabicEdit

 
حصْرم

EtymologyEdit

By surface augmented from the root ح ص ر(ḥ-ṣ-r) to striction. But compare also Hebrew חַרְצָן(ḥarṣā́n) now used in the sense of a pip of a grape but read preferredly[1][2][3] in the Book of Numbers 6:4 as referring to unripe grapes for verjuice – although that is already what בֹּסֶר(boṣer), the cognate of Arabic بُسْر(busr, unripe dates), means –, connected then to the root ح ر ص(ḥ-r-ṣ) related to abrasion because of it being sharp on the tongue, as well as Hebrew חָרִיץ(ḥārīṣ, cheese; slit, furrow).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ħisˤ.rim/, dialectally also IPA(key): /ħusˤ.rum/ and IPA(key): /ħasˤ.ram/

NounEdit

حِصْرِم (ḥiṣrimm (collective, plural حَصَارِم(ḥaṣārim))

  1. unripe grapes, sour grapes, grapes green and acid due to lacking maturity
    • 2019 June 24, مشاري الذايدي‎, “باتجاه سقوط محور تركيا وإيران وقطر”, in Aš-šarq al-ʾawsaṭ[2]:
      المعسكر الذي تقبع به سلطات قطر وتركيا وإيران في النازل لا الطالع، تحصد الزقوم وتتجرع العلقم وتضرس الحصرم على أسنان نخرة.‎‎
      The camp in which the powers of Qaṭar, Turkey, and Iran trumpet is descending, not ascending; they reap the Egyptian balsam, gorge the colocynth, and chomp on sour grapes high-nosed.

DeclensionEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

حَصْرَمَ (ḥaṣrama) Iq, non-past يُحَصْرِمُ‎‎ (yuḥaṣrimu)

  1. to make tight or tense, to constrict or straiten

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Delitzsch, Franz; Keil, Carl Friedrich (1870) Biblischer Commentar über das Alte Testament. Erster Theil: Die Bücher Mose’s. Zweiter Band: Leviticus, Numeri und Deuteronomium[1] (in German), Zweite, verbesserte edition, Leipzig: Dörffling und Franke, page 214
  2. ^ Vilmar, Eduard (1864), “Die symbolische Bedeutung des Naziräergelübdes”, in Theologische Studien und Kritiken (in German), volume 37, issue 3, Gotha: Friedrich Andreas Perthes, pages 468–469 from 438–484
  3. ^ Homes, Henry (1848), “The Produce of the Wineyard in the East”, in Bibliotheca Sacra and Theological Review, volume 5, New York and London: John Wiley; Andover: William H. Wardwell, page 286 from 283-295