ܚܠܒܐ

Classical SyriacEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Semitic *ḥalīb-.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical Edessan) IPA(key): [ˈħal(ə)vɑ]
  • (Eastern Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈxal.wɑ]
  • (Western Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈħɑl.wo]

NounEdit

ܚܠܒܐ (ḥaləḇā) m (uncountable)

  1. milk
    • Peshitta, 1 Peter 2:2:
      ܘܗܘܘ ܐܝܟ ܝܠܘܕ̈ܐ ܫܒܪ̈ܐ. ܘܐܬܪܓܪܓܘ ܠܗܿ ܠܡܠܬܐ. ܐܝܟ ܕܠܚܠܒܐ ܢܩܕܐ ܘܪܘܚܢܐ. ܕܒܗܿ ܬܬܪܒܘܢ ܠܚܝ̈ܐ.‎‎
      wa-həwaw ʾāḵ yallūḏē šaḇrē, wə-ʾeṯraḡraḡ[w] lāh lə-melləṯā, ʾāḵ da-lə-ḥaləḇā naqdā wə-rūḥānā, də-ḇāh ṯeṯrabbon lə-ḥayyē.
      As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow
  2. (figuratively) juice, sap
InflectionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Compare Arabic خِلْب(ḵilb, diaphragm, flesh between the ribs), Hebrew חֵלֶב(ḥḗleḇ, treyf animal fat).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical Edessan) IPA(key): [ˈħɛl.bɑ]
  • (Eastern Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈxɪl.bɑ]
  • (Western Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈħɛl.bo]

NounEdit

ܚܠܒܐ (ḥelbām (plural ܚܠܒܐ (ḥelbē))

  1. fat
  2. membrane
  3. peel, rind, shell
  4. (anatomy) peritoneum, omentum, epiploon, diaphragm
  5. (anatomy) retina
InflectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • ḥlb”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–, retrieved 2011-11-24
  • ḥlb2”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–, retrieved 2011-11-24
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français ∙ Syriac–English Dictionary ∙ قاموس سرياني-عربي, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, page 105a
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 142b
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, pages 451b-452a