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See also: SAP, sáp, sắp, sæp, s.ap., -sap, Sap., and sāp

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /sæp/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æp

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English sap, from Old English sæp (juice, sap), from Proto-Germanic *sapą (sap, juice) (compare Dutch sap, German Saft, Icelandic safi), from Proto-Indo-European *sab-, *sap- (to taste) (compare Welsh syb-wydd (fir), Latin sapa (must, new wine), Russian со́пли (sópli, snivel), Armenian համ (ham, juice, taste), Avestan 𐬬𐬌-𐬱𐬁𐬞𐬀(vi-šāpa, having poisonous juices), Sanskrit सबर् (sabar, juice, nectar)). More at sage.

NounEdit

 
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sap (countable and uncountable, plural saps)

  1. (uncountable) The juice of plants of any kind, especially the ascending and descending juices or circulating fluid essential to nutrition.
  2. (uncountable) The sapwood, or alburnum, of a tree.
  3. (slang, countable) a naive person; a simpleton
    Synonyms: milksop, saphead
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2Edit

Probably from sapling.

NounEdit

sap (plural saps)

  1. (countable, US, slang) A short wooden club; a leather-covered hand weapon; a blackjack.
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TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

sap (third-person singular simple present saps, present participle sapping, simple past and past participle sapped)

  1. (transitive, slang) To strike with a sap (with a blackjack).
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From French saper (compare Spanish zapar and Italian zappare) from sape (sort of scythe), from Late Latin sappa (sort of mattock).

NounEdit

sap (plural saps)

  1. (military) A narrow ditch or trench made from the foremost parallel toward the glacis or covert way of a besieged place by digging under cover of gabions, etc.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

sap (third-person singular simple present saps, present participle sapping, simple past and past participle sapped)

  1. (transitive) To subvert by digging or wearing away; to mine; to undermine; to destroy the foundation of.
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Dryden
      Nor safe their dwellings were, for sapped by floods, / Their houses fell upon their household gods.
  2. (transitive, military) To pierce with saps.
  3. (transitive) To make unstable or infirm; to unsettle; to weaken.
  4. (transitive) To gradually weaken.
    to sap one’s conscience
  5. (intransitive) To proceed by mining, or by secretly undermining; to execute saps.
TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


AromanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Vulgar Latin *sappō, from Latin sappa. Compare Romanian săpa, sap, French saper, Italian zappare, Sicilian zappari, Spanish zapar, Friulian sapâ, Venetian sapar, Latin sappa.

VerbEdit

sap (past participle sãpatã)

  1. I dig (with a pick).

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

sap

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of saber

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch sap, from Old Dutch *sap, from Proto-Germanic *sapą. Cognate to English sap and German Saft (from Old High German saf).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sap n (plural sappen, diminutive sapje n)

  1. sap (fluid in plants)
  2. juice
    Hyponyms: aalbessensap, appelsap, citroensap, druivensap, sinaasappelsap, vruchtensap

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ J. de Vries & F. de Tollenaere, "Etymologisch Woordenboek", Uitgeverij Het Spectrum, Utrecht, 1986 (14de druk)

AnagramsEdit


RomaniEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit सर्प (sarpá, snake), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *sarpás.

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

NounEdit

sap m

  1. snake

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Turkic sap, from Proto-Turkic.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sap

  1. shaft

VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *sappi.

NounEdit

sap

  1. gall (bile)

VolapükEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin sapiō (I am wise).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sap

  1. wisdom

ZhuangEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Standard Zhuang) IPA(key): /θaːp˧˥/
  • Tone numbers: sap7
  • Hyphenation: sap

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Tai *saːpᴰ (cockroach). Cognate with Thai สาบ (sàap), Lao ສາບ (sāp), Shan သၢပ်ႇ (sàap).

NounEdit

sap (old orthography sap, Sawndip forms 𫊷)

  1. cockroach

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

sap (old orthography sap)

  1. to wear shoes with the heels stepping down on the back of the shoes